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[kroop] /krup/
noun, Pathology.
any condition of the larynx or trachea characterized by a hoarse cough and difficult breathing.
Origin of croup1
1755-65; noun use of croup to cry hoarsely (now dial.), blend of croak and whoop


[kroop] /krup/
the highest part of the rump of a quadruped, especially a horse.
1250-1300; Middle English croupe < Middle French, Anglo-French crupe, Old French crope < Germanic; see crop Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for croup
Historical Examples
  • But his croup sloped down too much, and he had a short neck.

    Way of the Lawless Max Brand
  • Should he not, his croup may be so turned, outward, that he cannot do his rider any mischief.

  • When I got on the Northern Belle, a fine boat, one of my children was taken with croup.

  • How does the height at the withers compare with the height at the croup?

    Agriculture for Beginners Charles William Burkett
  • She begged for the pine syrup, for her little Anthony was choking with croup.

    Some Three Hundred Years Ago Edith Gilman Brewster
  • He lay patiently fighting for breath, like a child with croup.

    My Antonia Willa Cather
  • The croup is that part of the spine which is between the loins and tail.

    The Horsewoman Alice M. Hayes
  • I said the kid was sick—had the croup, I thought, an' she'd hev to wait.

    Friendship Village Zona Gale
  • Put the child to bed, and you need have no fear of croup that night.

  • This boy has been sick with croup all night and I had quite forgotten that I had no breakfast.

    The Windy Hill Cornelia Meigs
British Dictionary definitions for croup


a throat condition, occurring usually in children, characterized by a hoarse cough and laboured breathing, resulting from inflammation and partial obstruction of the larynx
Derived Forms
croupous, croupy, adjective
Word Origin
C16 croup to cry hoarsely, probably of imitative origin


the hindquarters of a quadruped, esp a horse
Word Origin
C13: from Old French croupe; related to German Kruppe
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for croup

"coughing illness," 1765, from obsolete verb croup "to cry hoarsely, croak" (1510s), probably echoic. This was the local name of the disease in southeastern Scotland, given wide currency by Dr. Francis Home (1719-1813) of Edinburgh in his 1765 article on it. Related: Croupy.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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croup in Medicine

croup (krōōp)

  1. See laryngotracheobronchitis.

  2. A pathological condition of the larynx, especially in infants and children, characterized by respiratory difficulty and a hoarse, brassy cough.

croup'ous (krōō'pəs) or croup'y adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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croup in Science
An acute infection that affects the upper and lower respiratory tracts, especially the larynx, trachea, and bronchi, and is caused most commonly by viruses of the genus Paramyxovirus. It is characterized by labored breathing and obstruction below the glottis, accompanied by a barking cough.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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