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dole1

[dohl]
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noun
  1. a portion or allotment of money, food, etc., especially as given at regular intervals by a charity or for maintenance.
  2. a dealing out or distributing, especially in charity.
  3. a form of payment to the unemployed instituted by the British government in 1918.
  4. any similar payment by a government to an unemployed person.
  5. Archaic. one's fate or destiny.
verb (used with object), doled, dol·ing.
  1. to distribute in charity.
  2. to give out sparingly or in small quantities (usually followed by out): The last of the water was doled out to the thirsty crew.
Idioms
  1. on the dole, receiving payment from the government, as relief: They couldn't afford any luxuries while living on the dole.

Origin of dole1

before 1000; Middle English dol, Old English gedāl sharing; cf. deal1

Synonyms

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1. share, pittance. 7. ration.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for doled

dole1

noun
  1. a small portion or share, as of money or food, given to a poor person
  2. the act of giving or distributing such portions
  3. the dole British informal money received from the state while out of work
  4. on the dole British informal receiving such money
  5. archaic fate
verb
  1. (tr usually foll by out) to distribute, esp in small portions

Word Origin

Old English dāl share; related to Old Saxon dēl, Old Norse deild, Gothic dails, Old High German teil; see deal 1

dole2

noun
  1. archaic grief or mourning

Word Origin

C13: from Old French, from Late Latin dolus, from Latin dolēre to lament
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for doled

dole

n.

Old English dal "state of being divided; sharing, giving out," shortened from gedal "portion," related to dæl "deal," from Proto-Germanic *dailiz (cf. Old Frisian and Old Saxon del, Middle Dutch deil, Dutch deel, Old High German teil, German Teil). On the dole is 1920s.

dole

v.

"hand out charity," mid-15c., from dole (n.). Related: Doled; doling.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

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