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effigy

[ef-i-jee]
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noun, plural ef·fi·gies.
  1. a representation or image, especially sculptured, as on a monument.
  2. a crude representation of someone disliked, used for purposes of ridicule.
Idioms
  1. in effigy, in public view in the form of an effigy: a leader hanged in effigy by the mob.

Origin of effigy

1530–40; (< Middle French) < Latin effigia, equivalent to effig- (ef- ef- + fig- shape, form; see figure) + -ia -y3
Related formsef·fig·i·al [ih-fij-ee-uh l] /ɪˈfɪdʒ i əl/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for effigy

effigy

noun plural -gies
  1. a portrait of a person, esp as a monument or architectural decoration
  2. a crude representation of someone, used as a focus for contempt or ridicule and often hung up or burnt in public (often in the phrases burn or hang in effigy)
Derived Formseffigial (ɪˈfɪdʒɪəl), adjective

Word Origin

C18: from Latin effigiēs, from effingere to form, portray, from fingere to shape
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for effigy

n.

1530s, "image of a person," from Middle French effigie (13c.), from Latin effigies "copy or imitation of something, likeness," from or related to effingere "mold, fashion, portray," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + fingere "to form, shape" (see fiction). The Latin word was regarded as plural and the -s was lopped off by 18c. Specifically associated with burning, hanging, etc., at least since 1670s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Idioms and Phrases with effigy

effigy

The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company.