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encourage

[en-kur-ij, -kuhr-]
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verb (used with object), en·cour·aged, en·cour·ag·ing.
  1. to inspire with courage, spirit, or confidence: His coach encouraged him throughout the marathon race to keep on running.
  2. to stimulate by assistance, approval, etc.: One of the chief duties of a teacher is to encourage students.
  3. to promote, advance, or foster: Poverty often encourages crime.

Origin of encourage

1400–50; late Middle English encoragen < Anglo-French, Middle French encorag(i)er. See en-1, courage
Related formsen·cour·ag·er, nounen·cour·ag·ing·ly, adverbo·ver·en·cour·age, verb (used with object), o·ver·en·cour·aged, o·ver·en·cour·ag·ing.pre·en·cour·age, verb (used with object), pre·en·cour·aged, pre·en·cour·ag·ing.re·en·cour·age, verb (used with object), re·en·cour·aged, re·en·cour·ag·ing.un·en·cour·aged, adjectiveun·en·cour·ag·ing, adjectivewell-en·cour·aged, adjective

Synonyms

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1. embolden, hearten, reassure. 2. urge; support, aid, help.

Antonyms

1. discourage, dishearten.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for encouraging

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • Sometimes when they called their conduct was anything but encouraging.

  • The food difficulty we met by encouraging unofficial imports.

  • And everybody turned towards the old man, pressing him and encouraging him.

    L'Assommoir

    Emile Zola

  • Did he even send them an encouraging message—a word of fellowship?

  • "The Beethoven's fine," said Margaret, who was not a female of the encouraging type.

    Howards End

    E. M. Forster


British Dictionary definitions for encouraging

encourage

verb (tr)
  1. to inspire (someone) with the courage or confidence (to do something)
  2. to stimulate (something or someone to do something) by approval or help; support
Derived Formsencouragement, nounencourager, nounencouraging, adjectiveencouragingly, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for encouraging

encourage

v.

early 15c., from Old French encoragier "make strong, hearten," from en- "make, put in" (see en- (1)) + corage (see courage). Related: Encouraged; encouraging.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

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