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2017 Word of the Year

encourage

[en-kur-ij, -kuhr-] /ɛnˈkɜr ɪdʒ, -ˈkʌr-/
verb (used with object), encouraged, encouraging.
1.
to inspire with courage, spirit, or confidence:
His coach encouraged him throughout the marathon race to keep on running.
2.
to stimulate by assistance, approval, etc.:
One of the chief duties of a teacher is to encourage students.
3.
to promote, advance, or foster:
Poverty often encourages crime.
Origin of encourage
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English encoragen < Anglo-French, Middle French encorag(i)er. See en-1, courage
Related forms
encourager, noun
encouragingly, adverb
overencourage, verb (used with object), overencouraged, overencouraging.
preencourage, verb (used with object), preencouraged, preencouraging.
reencourage, verb (used with object), reencouraged, reencouraging.
unencouraged, adjective
unencouraging, adjective
well-encouraged, adjective
Synonyms
1. embolden, hearten, reassure. 2. urge; support, aid, help.
Antonyms
1. discourage, dishearten.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for encouraging
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Sometimes when they called their conduct was anything but encouraging.

    Ester Ried Yet Speaking Isabella Alden
  • The food difficulty we met by encouraging unofficial imports.

  • And everybody turned towards the old man, pressing him and encouraging him.

    L'Assommoir Emile Zola
  • Did he even send them an encouraging message—a word of fellowship?

  • "The Beethoven's fine," said Margaret, who was not a female of the encouraging type.

    Howards End E. M. Forster
British Dictionary definitions for encouraging

encourage

/ɪnˈkʌrɪdʒ/
verb (transitive)
1.
to inspire (someone) with the courage or confidence (to do something)
2.
to stimulate (something or someone to do something) by approval or help; support
Derived Forms
encouragement, noun
encourager, noun
encouraging, adjective
encouragingly, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for encouraging

encourage

v.

early 15c., from Old French encoragier "make strong, hearten," from en- "make, put in" (see en- (1)) + corage (see courage). Related: Encouraged; encouraging.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Word Value for encouraging

15
21
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