- (sometimes initial capital letter) a governmental system led by a dictator having complete power, forcibly suppressing opposition and criticism, regimenting all industry, commerce, etc., and emphasizing an aggressive nationalism and often racism.
- (sometimes initial capital letter) the philosophy, principles, or methods of fascism.
- (initial capital letter) a political movement that employs the principles and methods of fascism, especially the one established by Mussolini in Italy 1922–43.
Origin of fascism
Examples from the Web for fascism
Which was the right thing to be, after all, because communism is as illiberal as fascism.Lauren Bacall Was Deeply Liberal and Deeply Anti-Communist
August 13, 2014
The mirror-image systems of communism and fascism promised to solve problems quickly through command and control.Market Leninism vs. the West
March 30, 2014
Therefore, Western supporters of the protests, like John Mccain, are agitating on behalf of violent Ukrainian fascism.Neo-Nazis Pour Into Kiev
February 28, 2014
Putin says the events in Kiev signal the return of fascism to Europe, even as he foments anti-Semitic sentiment at home.Bernard-Henri Levy: Ukraine’s Revolutionaries Are Not Fascists
February 26, 2014
And then he sort of collapsed it into a rise of fascism, and SS pastiche groups.The Cast of ‘The Grand Budapest Hotel’ Says Wes Anderson Is a Genius Hardass
February 16, 2014
But President Ubico is not hopelessly addicted to one brand of fascism.Secret Armies
John L. Spivak
It does not surprise us that the logic of fascism ends in death.
At first glance, the feudal nature of fascism seems unimportant.
This is an open principle of fascism, as it is of all dictatorships and "total" states.
He was seeing the face of fascism for the first time, he wrote, and seeing it at close range.The Five Arrows
- any ideology or movement inspired by Italian Fascism, such as German National Socialism; any right-wing nationalist ideology or movement with an authoritarian and hierarchical structure that is fundamentally opposed to democracy and liberalism
- any ideology, movement, programme, tendency, etc, that may be characterized as right-wing, chauvinist, authoritarian, etc
- prejudice in relation to the subject specifiedbody fascism
- the political movement, doctrine, system, or regime of Benito Mussolini in Italy, which encouraged militarism and nationalism, organizing the country along hierarchical authoritarian lines
Word Origin and History for fascism
1922, originally used in English 1920 in its Italian form (see fascist). Applied to similar groups in Germany from 1923; applied to everyone since the rise of the Internet.
A form of political behavior marked by obsessive preoccupation with community decline, humiliation or victimhood and by compensatory cults of unity, energy and purity, in which a mass-based party of committed nationalist militants, working in uneasy but effective collaboration with traditional elites, abandons democratic liberties and pursues with redemptive violence and without ethical or legal restraints goals of internal cleansing and external expansion. [Robert O. Paxton, "The Anatomy of Fascism," 2004]
A system of government that flourished in Europe from the 1920s to the end of World War II. Germany under Adolf Hitler, Italy under Mussolini, and Spain under Franco were all fascist states. As a rule, fascist governments are dominated by a dictator, who usually possesses a magnetic personality, wears a showy uniform, and rallies his followers by mass parades; appeals to strident nationalism; and promotes suspicion or hatred of both foreigners and “impure” people within his own nation, such as the Jews (see also Jews) in Germany. Although both communism and fascism are forms of totalitarianism, fascism does not demand state ownership of the means of production, nor is fascism committed to the achievement of economic equality. In theory, communism opposes the identification of government with a single charismatic leader (the “cult of personality”), which is the cornerstone of fascism. Whereas communists are considered left-wing, fascists are usually described as right-wing.