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gloom

[gloom] /glum/
noun
1.
total or partial darkness; dimness.
2.
a state of melancholy or depression; low spirits.
3.
a despondent or depressed look or expression.
verb (used without object)
4.
to appear or become dark, dim, or somber.
5.
to look sad, dismal, or dejected; frown.
verb (used with object)
6.
to fill with gloom; make gloomy or sad; sadden.
7.
to make dark or somber.
Origin of gloom
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English gloumben, glomen to frown, perhaps representing Old English *glūmian (akin to early German gläumen to make turbid); see glum
Related forms
gloomful, adjective
gloomfully, adverb
gloomless, adjective
outgloom, verb (used with object)
undergloom, noun
ungloom, verb (used with object)
Synonyms
1. shadow, shade, obscurity. 2. dejection, despondency, sadness.
Antonyms
1. brightness. 2. cheerfulness.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for glooming
Historical Examples
  • But Donny was glooming over his wrongs, and neither heard nor wanted to hear.

    Good Indian B. M. Bower
  • And instead of glooming life, it because it is the power of love.

  • "Let us get out of this glooming, and where we can see a rod around us," suggested the jailer.

    Dulcibel Henry Peterson
  • The Barone, glooming in an obscure corner of the conservatory, saw them come in.

    The Place of Honeymoons Harold MacGrath
  • Marian, coming in a few minutes later, found her glooming there still.

    Chicken Little Jane Lily Munsell Ritchie
  • Lucien was afraid to speak, and William was just "glooming."

  • The glooming veil was gone from around the ice-shelled man and woman.

    Black Amazon of Mars Leigh Brackett
  • Then she turned clear and guileless eyes on her glooming seatmate.

    Bransford of Rainbow Range

    Eugene Manlove Rhodes
  • He greeted her glooming brother with a jolly "Hello, Boyne!"

    The Kentons William Dean Howells
  • Anthea found Cyril glooming over his paper boats, and told him.

British Dictionary definitions for glooming

gloom

/ɡluːm/
noun
1.
partial or total darkness
2.
a state of depression or melancholy
3.
an appearance or expression of despondency or melancholy
4.
(poetic) a dim or dark place
verb
5.
(intransitive) to look sullen or depressed
6.
to make or become dark or gloomy
Derived Forms
gloomful, adjective
gloomfully, adverb
gloomless, adjective
Word Origin
C14 gloumben to look sullen; related to Norwegian dialect glome to eye suspiciously
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for glooming

gloom

c.1300 as a verb, "to look sullen or displeased," perhaps from Scandinavian (cf. Norwegian dialectal glome "to stare somberly"). Not considered to be related to Old English glom "twilight," but perhaps to Middle Low German glum "turbid," Dutch gluren "to leer." The noun is 1590s in Scottish, "sullen look," from the verb. Sense of "darkness, obscurity" is first recorded 1629 in Milton's poetry; that of "melancholy" is 1744 (gloomy in this sense is attested from 1580s).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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