- serious or solemn; sober: a grave person; grave thoughts.
- weighty, momentous, or important: grave responsibilities.
- threatening a seriously bad outcome or involving serious issues; critical: a grave situation; a grave illness.
- (of colors) dull; somber.
- the grave accent.
Origin of grave2
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
Examples from the Web for graveness
Because of the graveness of their situation, love had to stand aside.The Moon Rock
Arthur J. Rees
Stuart said with a graveness that rebuked her flippancy: Do you love him so little as to remain always apart?Twos and Threes
G. B. Stern
The commencement of the master's speech and the graveness of his tone sent a serious thrill through the hearts of the boys.Through the Fray
G. A. Henty
It is not a time to falter before the graveness of our responsibility and the magnitude of our undertakings.The Secret Witness
The graveness of the situation now dawned upon her mind with a terrible force—Hualcoyotl had chosen her to be his queen.A Prince of Anahuac
James A. Porter
- a place for the burial of a corpse, esp beneath the ground and usually marked by a tombstoneRelated adjective: sepulchral
- something resembling a grave or resting placethe ship went to its grave
- the grave a poetic term for death
- have one foot in the grave informal to be near death
- to make someone turn in his grave or to make someone turn over in his grave to do something that would have shocked or distressed (someone now dead)many modern dictionaries would make Dr Johnson turn in his grave
- serious and solemna grave look
- full of or suggesting dangera grave situation
- important; crucialgrave matters of state
- (of colours) sober or dull
- (of a vowel or syllable in some languages with a pitch accent, such as ancient Greek) spoken on a lower or falling musical pitch relative to neighbouring syllables or vowels
- of or relating to an accent (`) over vowels, denoting a pronunciation with lower or falling musical pitch (as in ancient Greek), with certain special quality (as in French), or in a manner that gives the vowel status as a syllable nucleus not usually possessed by it in that position (as in English agèd)Compare acute (def. 8), circumflex
- a grave accent
- to cut, carve, sculpt, or engrave
- to fix firmly in the mind
- (tr) nautical to clean and apply a coating of pitch to (the bottom of a vessel)
- music to be performed in a solemn manner
Word Origin and History for graveness
Old English græf "grave, ditch, cave," from Proto-Germanic *graban (cf. Old Saxon graf, Old Frisian gref, Old High German grab "grave, tomb;" Old Norse gröf "cave," Gothic graba "ditch"), from PIE root *ghrebh- "to dig, to scratch, to scrape" (cf. Old Church Slavonic grobu "grave, tomb"); related to grafan "to dig" (see grave (v.)).
"The normal mod. representation of OE. græf would be graff; the ME. disyllable grave, from which the standard mod. form descends, was prob. due to the especially frequent occurrence of the word in the dat. (locative) case. [OED]
From Middle Ages to 17c., they were temporary, crudely marked repositories from which the bones were removed to ossuaries after some years and the grave used for a fresh burial. "Perpetual graves" became common from c.1650. To make (someone) turn in his grave "behave in some way that would have offended the dead person" is first recorded 1888.
1540s, from Middle French grave (14c.), from Latin gravis "weighty, serious, heavy, grievous, oppressive," from PIE root *gwere- "heavy" (cf. Sanskrit guruh "heavy, weighty, venerable;" Greek baros "weight," barys "heavy in weight," often with the notion of "strength, force;" Old English cweorn "quern;" Gothic kaurus "heavy;" Lettish gruts "heavy"). Greek barys (opposed to kouphos) also was used figuratively, of suffering, sorrow, sobbing, and could mean "oppressive, burdensome, grave, dignified, impressive." The noun meaning "accent mark over a vowel" is c.1600, from French.
"to engrave," Old English grafan (medial -f- pronounced as "v" in Old English; past tense grof, past participle grafen) "to dig, carve, dig up," from Proto-Germanic *grabanan (cf. Old Norse grafa, Old Frisian greva, Dutch graven, Old High German graban, German graben, Gothic graban "to dig, carve"), from the same source as grave (n.). Its Middle English strong past participle, graven, is the only part still active, the rest of the word supplanted by its derivative, engrave.
- Serious or dangerous, as a symptom or disease.