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grotesque

[groh-tesk] /groʊˈtɛsk/
adjective
1.
odd or unnatural in shape, appearance, or character; fantastically ugly or absurd; bizarre.
2.
fantastic in the shaping and combination of forms, as in decorative work combining incongruous human and animal figures with scrolls, foliage, etc.
noun
3.
any grotesque object, design, person, or thing.
Origin of grotesque
1555-1565
1555-65; < French < Italian grottesco (as noun, grottesca grotesque decoration such as was apparently found in excavated dwellings), derivative of grotta. See grotto, -esque
Related forms
grotesquely, adverb
grotesqueness, noun
ungrotesque, adjective
Synonyms
1. distorted, deformed, weird, antic, wild. See fantastic.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for grotesqueness
Historical Examples
  • This man, in spite of his grotesqueness, was quite in earnest, there was no doubting that.

    Romance Joseph Conrad and F.M. Hueffer
  • Even in that exciting moment Terry saw the grotesqueness of the situation.

    The Hunters of the Ozark Edward S. Ellis
  • Perhaps the grotesqueness of that former scene was in his mind.

    Robert Elsmere Mrs. Humphry Ward
  • And the grotesqueness of an individual has essentially the same nature.

    The Sense of Beauty George Santayana
  • Beneath Paragot's grotesqueness ran an unprecedented severity.

    The Belovd Vagabond William J. Locke
  • Could any caricature of mine exceed in grotesqueness your sketch of yourself?

  • On high, amid all this grotesqueness, sits the departed doge.

    The Innocents Abroad Mark Twain (Samuel Clemens)
  • In the grotesqueness and wildness of this theory we detect a true idea.

    Tradition John Francis Arundell
  • The incongruity then of the tradition disappears; its grotesqueness remains.

    Tradition John Francis Arundell
  • The grotesqueness of war had come upon him then, as he had built up the tower with Robin.

    In the Wilderness Robert Hichens
British Dictionary definitions for grotesqueness

grotesque

/ɡrəʊˈtɛsk/
adjective
1.
strangely or fantastically distorted; bizarre: a grotesque reflection in the mirror
2.
of or characteristic of the grotesque in art
3.
absurdly incongruous; in a ludicrous context: a grotesque turn of phrase
noun
4.
a 16th-century decorative style in which parts of human, animal, and plant forms are distorted and mixed
5.
a decorative device, as in painting or sculpture, in this style
6.
(printing) the family of 19th-century sans serif display types
7.
any grotesque person or thing
Derived Forms
grotesquely, adverb
grotesqueness, noun
Word Origin
C16: from French, from Old Italian (pittura) grottesca cave painting, from grottesco of a cave, from grotta cave; see grotto
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for grotesqueness

grotesque

adj.

c.1600s, originally a noun (1560s), from Middle French crotesque (16c., Modern French grotesque), from Italian grottesco, literally "of a cave," from grotta (see grotto). The usual explanation is that the word first was used of paintings found on the walls of basements of Roman ruins (Italian pittura grottesca), which OED finds "intrinsically plausible." Originally "fanciful, fantastic," sense became pejorative after mid-18c. Related: Grotesquely; grotesqueness.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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