- to raise or lift with effort or force; hoist: to heave a heavy ax.
- to throw, especially to lift and throw with effort, force, or violence: to heave an anchor overboard; to heave a stone through a window.
- to move into a certain position or situation: to heave a vessel aback.
- to move in a certain direction: Heave the capstan around! Heave up the anchor!
- to utter laboriously or painfully: to heave a sigh.
- to cause to rise and fall with or as with a swelling motion: to heave one's chest.
- to vomit; throw up: He heaved his breakfast before noon.
- to haul or pull on (a rope, cable, line, etc.), as with the hands or a capstan: Heave the anchor cable!
- to rise and fall in rhythmically alternate movements: The ship heaved and rolled in the swelling sea.
- to breathe with effort; pant: He sat there heaving and puffing from the effort.
- to vomit; retch.
- to rise as if thrust up, as a hill; swell or bulge: The ground heaved and small fissures appeared for miles around.
- to pull or haul on a rope, cable, etc.
- to push, as on a capstan bar.
- to move in a certain direction or into a certain position or situation: heave about; heave alongside; heave in stays.
- (of a vessel) to rise and fall, as with a heavy beam sea.
- an act or effort of heaving.
- a throw, toss, or cast.
- Geology. the horizontal component of the apparent displacement resulting from a fault, measured in a vertical plane perpendicular to the strike.
- the rise and fall of the waves or swell of a sea.
- heaves, (used with a singular verb) Also called broken wind. Veterinary Pathology. a disease of horses, similar to asthma in human beings, characterized by difficult breathing.
- heave down, Nautical. to careen (a vessel).
- heave out, Nautical.
- to shake loose (a reef taken in a sail).
- to loosen (a sail) from its gaskets in order to set it.
- heave to,
- Nautical.to stop the headway of (a vessel), especially by bringing the head to the wind and trimming the sails so that they act against one another.
- to come to a halt.
- heave ho (an exclamation used by sailors, as when heaving the anchor up.)
- heave in sight, to rise to view, as from below the horizon: The ship hove in sight as dawn began to break.
- heave the lead. lead2(def 16).
Origin of heave
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
Examples from the Web for heave
But Lomax can heave a small sigh of relief, at least for now: Legislative reform to the 1033 program will not happen in 2014.SWAT Lobby Shoots to Kill Police Reform After Ferguson
December 2, 2014
The Chinook vibrated with deeper and deeper groans until its twin engines managed to heave up our dead weight.I Shot Bin Laden
November 16, 2014
We get in line, and on the count of three, we heave a log onto our shoulders.Exercising Like a Caveman: A.J. Jacobs Gets Primal
April 10, 2012
Silently you assume positions of leadership, oh so subtly giving slackers the heave ho.Horoscopes July 3-9, 2011
Starsky + Cox
July 2, 2011
Heave the hussy up to her anchor, Mr. Leach, when we will cast an eye to her moorings.Homeward Bound
James Fenimore Cooper
But they need a fellow to heave mud, so they put up with him.Changing Winds
St. John G. Ervine
She was quite flushed, and her bodice, generally so still and lifeless, began to heave.The Fat and the Thin
I'll heave up my commission and you pay her the fifteen hundred.Fair Harbor
Joseph Crosby Lincoln
You have never seen the mighty deep, and the storms that heave and swell in it.The Scapegoat
- (tr) to lift or move with a great effort
- (tr) to throw (something heavy) with effort
- to utter (sounds, sighs, etc) or breathe noisily or unhappilyto heave a sigh
- to rise and fall or cause to rise and fall heavily
- (past tense and past participle hove) nautical
- to move or cause to move in a specified way, direction, or positionto heave in sight
- (intr)(of a vessel) to pitch or roll
- (tr) to displace (rock strata, mineral veins, etc) in a horizontal direction
- (intr) to retch
- the act or an instance of heaving
- a fling
- the horizontal displacement of rock strata at a fault
Word Origin and History for heave
Old English hebban "to lift, raise; lift up, exalt" (class VI strong verb; past tense hof, past participle hafen), from Proto-Germanic *hafjan (cf. Old Norse hefja, Dutch heffen, German heben, Gothic hafjan "to lift, raise"), from PIE *kap-yo-, from root *kap- "to grasp" (see capable).
Related to Old English habban "to hold, possess." Intransitive use by c.1200. Meaning "to throw" is from 1590s. Sense of "retch, make an effort to vomit" is first attested c.1600. Related: Heaved; heaving. Nautical heave-ho was a chant in lifting (c.1300, hevelow).
1570s, from heave (v.).