- Biochemistry. any of various internally secreted compounds, as insulin or thyroxine, formed in endocrine glands, that affect the functions of specifically receptive organs or tissues when transported to them by the body fluids.
- Pharmacology. a synthetic substance used in medicine to act like such a compound when introduced into the body.
- Botany. Also called phytohormone. any of various plant compounds, as auxin or gibberellin, that control growth and differentiation of plant tissue.
Origin of hormone
Examples from the Web for hormones
Finding the correct combination of hormones for your body and your unique genetic background is crucial, the sooner, the better.Birth Control Made My Hair Fall Out, and I’m Not the Only One
October 14, 2014
Without insurance, many people were unable to afford the hormones, surgeries and counseling needed to complete their transition.Obamacare Now Pays for Gender Reassignment
Kaiser Health News
August 25, 2014
You go into hyperalert mode until the threat passes, and other hormones shut down your signaling loop.We're Talking About Depression All Wrong
August 20, 2014
In 2004, DOC paid a total of $2,300 for hormones for two inmates.Yes, Chelsea Manning Should Get Hormone Replacement Therapy on Our Dime
May 15, 2014
The specific effect depends on the dose and proportions of hormones used.Why Plan B Might Not Work for Women Over 176 Pounds
November 26, 2013
We still know less about the causes of hormones than the effects.The Goat-gland Transplantation
Sydney B. Flower
She was about 24, black-haired, small-waisted and bubbling with hormones.Breeder Reaction
We can predict what will happen when massive doses of hormones and enzymes and such are used.Anything You Can Do ...
Gordon Randall Garrett
We had Leduc and his "fairy flowers," as now we have Loeb and others with their metabolites and hormones.Science and Morals and Other Essays
Bertram Coghill Alan Windle
The activities of the ductless glands and their hormones equally serve both ends in ways that cannot be distinguished.Little Essays of Love and Virtue
- a chemical substance produced in an endocrine gland and transported in the blood to a certain tissue, on which it exerts a specific effect
- an organic compound produced by a plant that is essential for growth
- any synthetic substance having the same effects
Word Origin and History for hormones
1905, from Greek hormon "that which sets in motion," present participle of horman "impel, urge on," from horme "onset, impulse," from PIE *or-sma-, from root *er- "to move, set in motion." Used by Hippocrates to denote a vital principle; modern meaning coined by English physiologist Ernest Henry Starling (1866-1927). Jung used horme (1915) in reference to hypothetical mental energy that drives unconscious activities and instincts. Related: Hormones.
- A substance, usually a peptide or steroid, produced by one tissue and conveyed by the bloodstream to another to effect physiological activity, such as growth or metabolism.
- A synthetic compound that acts like a hormone in the body.
- A chemical substance secreted by an endocrine gland or group of endocrine cells that acts to control or regulate specific physiological processes, including growth, metabolism, and reproduction. Most hormones are secreted by endocrine cells in one part of the body and then transported by the blood to their target site of action in another part, though some hormones act only in the region in which they are secreted. Many of the principal hormones of vertebrates, such as growth hormone and thyrotropin, are secreted by the pituitary gland, which is in turn regulated by neurohormone secretions of the hypothalamus. Hormones also include the endorphins, androgens, and estrogens. See more at endocrine gland.
- A substance that is synthesized by a plant part and acts to control or regulate the growth and development of the plant. The action and effectiveness of a hormone can depend on the hormone's chemical structure, its amount in relation to other hormones that have competing or opposing effects, and the ways in which it interacts with chemical receptors in various plant parts. Auxins, cytokinins, gibberellins, abscisic acid, and ethylene are plant hormones.
A Closer Look: Among the most abundant and influential chemicals in the human body are the hormones, found also throughout the entire animal and plant kingdoms. The endocrine glands alone, including the thyroid, pancreas, adrenals, ovaries, and testes, release more than 20 hormones that travel through the bloodstream before arriving at their targeted sites. The pea-sized pituitary gland, located at the base of the brain below the hypothalamus, is considered the most crucial part of the endocrine system, producing growth hormone and hormones that control other endocrine glands. Specialized cells of the nervous system also produce hormones. The brain itself releases endorphins, hormones that act as natural painkillers. Hormones impact almost every cell and organ of the human body, regulating mood, growth, tissue function, metabolism, and sexual and reproductive function. Compared to the nervous system, the endocrine system regulates slower processes such as metabolism and cell growth, while the nervous system controls more immediate functions, such as breathing and movement. The action of hormones is a delicate balancing act, which can be affected by stress, infection, or changes in fluids and minerals in the blood. The pituitary hormones are influenced by a variety of factors, including emotions and fluctuations in light and temperature. When hormone levels become abnormal, disease can result, such as diabetes from insufficient insulin or osteoporosis in women from decreased estrogen. On the other hand, excessive levels of growth hormone may cause uncontrolled development. Treatment for hormonal disorders usually involves glandular surgery or substitution by synthetic hormones.