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irritable

[ir-i-tuh-buh l] /ˈɪr ɪ tə bəl/
adjective
1.
easily irritated or annoyed; readily excited to impatience or anger.
2.
Physiology, Biology. displaying irritability.
3.
Pathology. susceptible to physical irritation.
4.
Medicine/Medical. abnormally sensitive to a stimulus.
Origin of irritable
1655-1665
1655-65; < Latin irrītābilis, equivalent to irrītā(re) to irritate + -bilis -ble
Related forms
irritableness, noun
irritably, adverb
nonirritable, adjective
nonirritableness, noun
nonirritably, adverb
unirritable, adjective
unirritably, adverb
Synonyms
1. snappish, petulant, resentful. Irritable, testy, touchy, irascible are adjectives meaning easily upset, offended, or angered. Irritable means easily annoyed or bothered, and it implies cross and snappish behavior: an irritable clerk, rude and hostile; Impatient and irritable, he was constantly complaining. Testy describes the same kind of behavior or response, particularly to minor annoyances: always on edge, testy and sharp in response; testy and petulant, resenting any interruption. Touchy emphasizes oversensitivity and readiness to take offense, even when none is intended: especially touchy about any reference to obesity. Irascible means habitually angry or easily aroused to anger: an irascible tyrant, roaring at employees for the slightest error.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for irritably
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • "I believe I spoke plainly," said the superintendent, irritably.

    Brave and Bold Horatio Alger
  • His mate warned him irritably away, and he curled up and slept in the entrance.

    White Fang Jack London
  • "You are certainly the most economical man I ever saw," declared the Prince, irritably.

    Prince Vance Eleanor Putnam
  • “You indulge the children too much, Ameres,” his wife said irritably.

    The Cat of Bubastes G. A. Henty
  • "Then you will never marry a foreign husband," returned the sculptor, irritably.

    Melomaniacs James Huneker
  • The intercom buzzed again, and Gelsen irritably punched a button.

    Watchbird Robert Sheckley
  • "I'm half inclined to leave her behind," said Lady Luce irritably.

    Nell, of Shorne Mills

    Charles Garvice
  • He could not make out their purpose and irritably failed to ask.

    Sand Doom William Fitzgerald Jenkins
  • I've a good mind not to get ready at all,' said Sarah irritably and rather foolishly.

    Sarah's School Friend

    May Baldwin
British Dictionary definitions for irritably

irritable

/ˈɪrɪtəbəl/
adjective
1.
quickly irritated; easily annoyed; peevish
2.
(of all living organisms) capable of responding to such stimuli as heat, light, and touch
3.
(pathol) abnormally sensitive
Derived Forms
irritability, noun
irritableness, noun
irritably, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for irritably

irritable

adj.

1660s, from French irritable and directly from Latin irritabilis "easily excited," from irritare (see irritate). Related: Irritably.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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irritably in Medicine

irritable ir·ri·ta·ble (ĭr'ĭ-tə-bəl)
adj.

  1. Capable of reacting to a stimulus.

  2. Abnormally sensitive to a stimulus.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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