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merchant

[mur-chuh nt] /ˈmɜr tʃənt/
noun
1.
a person who buys and sells commodities for profit; dealer; trader.
2.
a storekeeper; retailer:
a local merchant who owns a store on Main Street.
3.
Chiefly British. a wholesaler.
adjective
4.
pertaining to or used for trade or commerce:
a merchant ship.
5.
pertaining to the merchant marine.
6.
Steelmaking. (of bars and ingots) of standard shape or size.
Origin of merchant
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English marchant < Old French marcheant < Vulgar Latin *mercātant- (stem of *mercātāns), present participle of *mercātāre, frequentative of Latin mercārī to trade, derivative of merx goods
Related forms
merchantlike, adjective
outmerchant, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2017.
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Examples from the Web for merchants
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • They were of the "Effendi class," and might be merchants or professional persons.

    It Happened in Egypt C. N. Williamson
  • Judges lie in their official garb, and merchants with the emblems of their trade.

    English Villages P. H. Ditchfield
  • Likewise the shopkeepers and merchants and their assistants of all kinds were there.

    Albert Durer T. Sturge Moore
  • Their merchants were eagerly looking about for commercial opportunities.

    Introductory American History Henry Eldridge Bourne
  • Railroad discussions were confined to merchants and manufacturers.

    The Railroad Question William Larrabee
British Dictionary definitions for merchants

merchant

/ˈmɜːtʃənt/
noun
1.
a person engaged in the purchase and sale of commodities for profit, esp on international markets; trader
2.
(mainly US & Canadian) a person engaged in retail trade
3.
(esp in historical contexts) any trader
4.
(derogatory) a person dealing or involved in something undesirable: a gossip merchant
5.
(modifier)
  1. of the merchant navy: a merchant sailor
  2. of or concerned with trade: a merchant ship
verb
6.
(transitive) to conduct trade in; deal in
Derived Forms
merchant-like, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French, probably from Vulgar Latin mercātāre (unattested), from Latin mercārī to trade, from merx goods, wares

Merchant

/ˈmɜːtʃənt/
noun
1.
Ismail (ˈɪzmeɪəl). 1936–2005, Indian film producer, noted for his collaboration with James Ivory on such films as Shakespeare Wallah (1965), The Europeans (1979), A Room with a View (1986), The Remains of the Day (1993), and The Golden Bowl (2000)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for merchants

merchant

n.

c.1200, from Anglo-French marchaunt "merchant, shopkeeper" (Old French marcheant, Modern French marchand), from Vulgar Latin *mercatantem (nominative *mercatans) "a buyer," present participle of *mercatare, frequentative of Latin mercari "to trade, traffic, deal in" (see market). Meaning "fellow, chap" is from 1540s; with a specific qualifier, and suggesting someone who deals in it (e.g. speed merchant "one who enjoys fast driving"), from 1914.

merchant

adj.

c.1400, from merchant (n.) and from Old French marcheant (adj.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for merchants

merchant

combining word

A person who esp indulges or purveys in what is indicated: heat merchant/ speed merchant (1914+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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16
18
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