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[mon-erk, -ahrk] /ˈmɒn ərk, -ɑrk/
a hereditary sovereign, as a king, queen, or emperor.
a sole and absolute ruler of a state or nation.
a person or thing that holds a dominant position:
a monarch of international shipping.
Origin of monarch
late Middle English
1400-50; late Middle English < Late Latin monarcha < Greek monárchēs sole ruler; see mon-, -arch
Related forms
antimonarch, adjective, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for monarchs
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • When a youth he began instructing the monarchs of Europe in the use of a government.

  • monarchs and heroes, sages and lovers, these gallants are not.

    Essays, Second Series Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • What he feels is pain, when he reflects that he has less himself than other monarchs.

    Hiero Xenophon
  • Jeanne, unawed by the threat, appealed to the monarchs of Europe for protection.

    Henry IV, Makers of History John S. C. Abbott
  • The two monarchs had been friends in childhood, but they had not met for many years.

    Henry IV, Makers of History John S. C. Abbott
British Dictionary definitions for monarchs


a sovereign head of state, esp a king, queen, or emperor, who rules usually by hereditary right
a supremely powerful or pre-eminent person or thing
Also called milkweed. a large migratory butterfly, Danaus plexippus, that has orange-and-black wings and feeds on the milkweed plant: family Danaidae
Derived Forms
monarchal (mɒˈnɑːkəl), monarchial (mɒˈnɑːkɪəl) adjective
monarchally, adverb
monarchical, monarchic, adjective
monarchically, adverb
monarchism, noun
monarchist, noun, adjective
monarchistic, adjective
Word Origin
C15: from Late Latin monarcha, from Greek; see mono-, -arch
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for monarchs



mid-15c., from Middle French monarque (14c.) or directly from Late Latin monarcha, from Greek monarkhes "one who rules alone" (see monarchy). As a type of large butterfly, from 1890.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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