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distend

[dih-stend]
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verb (used with or without object)
  1. to expand by stretching, as something hollow or elastic: Habitual overeating had distended his stomach.
  2. to spread in all directions; expand; swell: The sea distended about them.

Origin of distend

1375–1425; late Middle English (< Anglo-French destendre) < Latin distendere, equivalent to dis- dis-1 + tendere to stretch
Related formsdis·tend·er, nouno·ver·dis·tend, verbun·dis·tend, verb (used with object)

Synonyms

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1. See expand. 1, 2. enlarge, bloat.

Antonyms

1, 2. shrink, contract.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for overdistend

distend

verb
  1. to expand or be expanded by or as if by pressure from within; swell; inflate
  2. (tr) to stretch out or extend
  3. (tr) to magnify in importance; exaggerate
Derived Formsdistender, noundistensible, adjectivedistensibility, noundistension or distention, noun

Word Origin

C14: from Latin distendere, from dis- 1 + tendere to stretch
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for overdistend

distend

v.

c.1400, from Latin distendere "to swell or stretch out, extend," from dis- "apart" (see dis-) + tendere "to stretch" (see tenet). Related: Distended; distending.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

overdistend in Medicine

distend

(dĭ-stĕnd)
v.
  1. To swell out or expand or cause to swell out or expand from or as if from internal pressure.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.