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plight2

[plahyt]
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verb (used with object)
  1. to pledge (one's troth) in engagement to marry.
  2. to bind (someone) by a pledge, especially of marriage.
  3. to give in pledge, as one's word, or to pledge, as one's honor.
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noun
  1. Archaic. pledge.
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Origin of plight2

before 1000; (noun) Middle English; Old English pliht danger, risk; cognate with Dutch plicht, German Pflicht duty, obligation; (v.) Middle English plighten, Old English plihtan (derivative of the noun) to endanger, risk, pledge; cognate with Old High German phlichten to engage oneself, Middle Dutch plihten to guarantee
Related formsplight·er, nounun·plight·ed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for plighted

Historical Examples

  • Your niece has plighted her faith to me, and I have plighted mine to her.

    Barnaby Rudge

    Charles Dickens

  • Then she described the scene in the sick room and how Nat and Grace had plighted troth.

    Keziah Coffin

    Joseph C. Lincoln

  • Yet you sought to dispose of her against her heart, against her nature, against her plighted word.

    St. Martin's Summer

    Rafael Sabatini

  • Probably, indeed, the lad would side with them, despite his plighted word.

    The Tavern Knight

    Rafael Sabatini

  • To the chains of duty, honor, gratitude, had been added that of his plighted word.

    Sir Henry Morgan, Buccaneer

    Cyrus Townsend Brady


British Dictionary definitions for plighted

plight1

noun
  1. a condition of extreme hardship, danger, etc
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Word Origin

C14 plit, from Old French pleit fold, plait; probably influenced by Old English pliht peril, plight ²

plight2

verb (tr)
  1. to give or pledge (one's word)he plighted his word to attempt it
  2. to promise formally or pledge (allegiance, support, etc)to plight aid
  3. plight one's troth
    1. to make a promise of marriage
    2. to give one's solemn promise
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noun
  1. archaic, or dialect a solemn promise, esp of engagement; pledge
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Derived Formsplighter, noun

Word Origin

Old English pliht peril; related to Old High German, German Pflicht duty
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for plighted

plight

v.

"to pledge" (obsolete except in archaic plight one's troth), from Old English pligtan, plihtan "to endanger, imperil, compromise," verb form of pliht (n.) "danger, risk" (see plight (n.2)). Related: Plighted; plighting.

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plight

n.1

"condition or state (usually bad)," late 12c., "danger, harm, strife," from Anglo-French plit, pleit, Old French pleit, ploit "condition" (13c.), originally "way of folding," from Vulgar Latin *plictum, from Latin plicitum, neuter past participle of Latin plicare "to fold, lay" (see ply (v.1)).

Originally in neutral sense (as in modern French en bon plit "in good condition"), sense of "harmful state" (and current spelling) probably is from convergence and confusion with plight (n.2) via notion of "entangling risk, pledge or promise with great risk to the pledger."

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plight

n.2

"pledge," mid-13c., "pledge, promise," usually involving risk or loss in default, from Old English pliht "danger, risk, peril, damage," from Proto-Germanic *pleg- (cf. Old Frisian plicht "danger, concern, care," Middle Dutch, Dutch plicht "obligation, duty," Old High German pfliht, German Pflicht "obligation, duty" (see plight (v.)). Cf. Old English plihtere "look-out man at the prow of a ship," plihtlic "perilous, dangerous."

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper