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preempt

or pre-empt

[pree-empt] /priˈɛmpt/
verb (used with object)
1.
to occupy (land) in order to establish a prior right to buy.
2.
to acquire or appropriate before someone else; take for oneself; arrogate:
a political issue preempted by the opposition party.
3.
to take the place of because of priorities, reconsideration, rescheduling, etc.; supplant:
The special newscast preempted the usual television program.
verb (used without object)
4.
Bridge. to make a preemptive bid.
5.
to forestall or prevent (something anticipated) by acting first; preclude; head off:
an effort to preempt inflation.
noun
6.
Bridge. a preemptive bid.
Origin of preempt
1840-1850
1840-50, Americanism; back formation from preemption
Related forms
preemptible, adjective
preemptor
[pree-emp-tawr, -ter] /priˈɛmp tɔr, -tər/ (Show IPA),
noun
preemptory
[pree-emp-tuh-ree] /priˈɛmp tə ri/ (Show IPA),
adjective
unpreempted, adjective
Synonyms
1. claim, appropriate, usurp.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for pre-emptor
Historical Examples
  • The pre-emptor of land must pay $1 an acre for it, live upon it for two years, and improve it to the extent of $2.50 per acre.

  • They would have to push on still further westward if they wished to find good land ready for the pre-emptor.

    The Boy Settlers

    Noah Brooks
  • In court the pre-emptor, examining his own witness, would say, What are the dimensions of that house of mine?

    Greater Britain Charles Wentworth Dilke

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