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quadrant

[kwod-ruh nt]
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noun
  1. a quarter of a circle; an arc of 90°.
  2. the area included between such an arc and two radii drawn one to each extremity.
  3. something shaped like a quarter of a circle, as a part of a machine.
  4. Geometry, Astronomy. one of the four parts into which a plane, as the face of a heavenly body, is divided by two perpendicular lines, numbered counterclockwise from upper right: the first quadrant of the moon.
  5. an instrument, usually containing a graduated arc of 90°, used in astronomy, navigation, etc., for measuring altitudes.
  6. Astrology. one of the four quarters of the horoscope: determined by the ascendant, nadir, descendant, and midheaven and numbered counterclockwise from the ascendant.
  7. Furniture. one of two metal sliding pieces, of quadrant form, used to support the fall front of a desk from above.
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Origin of quadrant

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin quadrant- (stem of quadrāns) fourth part
Related formsquad·ran·tal [kwo-dran-tl] /kwɒˈdræn tl/, adjectivequad·rant·like, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for quadrantal

Historical Examples

  • The errors of the compass in an iron ship are mainly the semicircular error and the quadrantal error.

    Lord Kelvin

    Andrew Gray


British Dictionary definitions for quadrantal

quadrant

noun
  1. geometry
    1. a quarter of the circumference of a circle
    2. the area enclosed by two perpendicular radii of a circle and its circumference
    3. any of the four sections into which a plane is divided by two coordinate axes
  2. a piece of a mechanism in the form of a quarter circle, esp one used as a cam or a gear sector
  3. an instrument formerly used in astronomy and navigation for measuring the altitudes of stars, consisting of a graduated arc of 90° and a sighting mechanism attached to a movable arm
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Derived Formsquadrantal (kwɒˈdræntəl), adjective

Word Origin

C14: from Latin quadrāns a quarter
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for quadrantal

quadrant

n.

late 14c., "a quarter of a day, six hours," from Middle French quadrant, from Latin quadrantem (nominative quadrans) "fourth part," also the name of a coin worth a quarter of an as, noun use of present participle of quadrare "to make square; put in order, arrange, complete; run parallel, be exact," figuratively "to fit, suit, be proper," related to quadrus "a square," quattuor "four" (see four). The surveying instrument is first so called c.1400, because it forms a quarter circle. Related: Quadrantal.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

quadrantal in Medicine

quadrant

(kwŏdrənt)
n.
  1. A circular arc of 90 degrees; one fourth of the circumference of a circle.
  2. A quarter portion of any roughly circular anatomical area such as the abdomen, measuring along imaginary axes at right angles to each other.
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Related formsquad•rantic (kwŏ-drăntĭk) adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

quadrantal in Science

quadrant

[kwŏdrənt]
  1. An arc equal to one quarter of the circumference of a circle; an arc of 90°.
  2. Any of the four regions into which a plane is divided by the axes of a Cartesian coordinate system. The quadrants are numbered counterclockwise one through four, beginning with the quadrant in which both the x- and y-coordinates are positive (usually the upper right quadrant).
  3. A navigational instrument similar to a sextant but with an arc of 90° rather than 60°. See more at sextant.
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The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.