recidivism [ri- sid- uh-viz- uh m] Examples Word Origin See more synonyms on Thesaurus.com repeated or habitual relapse, as into crime. . Psychiatry the chronic tendency toward repetition of criminal or antisocial behavior patterns. Origin of recidivism 1885–90;
) relapsing (
) to fall back (
combining form of
to fall) +
-ism Related forms re·cid·i·vist, noun, adjective re·cid·i·vis·tic, re·cid·i·vous, adjective
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for recidivist Historical Examples The consequence is that he falls away and rejoins his old companions and soon becomes a recidivist. But the keeping of recidivist records is only one part of the business of the Criminal Record Office. British Dictionary definitions for recidivist habitual relapse into crime Derived Forms recidivist, noun, adjective recidivistic or recidivous, adjective Word Origin
C19: from Latin
recidīvus falling back, from re- + cadere to fall
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
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Word Origin and History for recidivist n.
"relapsed criminal," 1863, from French
récidiviste, from récidiver "to fall back, relapse," from Medieval Latin recidivare "to relapse into sin," from Latin recidivus "falling back," from recidere "fall back," from re- "back, again" (see re-) + comb. form of cadere "to fall" (see case (n.)). Recidivation in the spiritual sense is attested from early 15c., was very common 17c. recidivism n.
"habit of relapsing" (into crime), 1882, from
recidivist + -ism, modeled on French récidivisme, from récidiver.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
recidivist (rĭ-sĭd ′ə-vĭst) A person who relapses, especially by returning to criminal behavior. recidivism (rĭ-sĭd ′ə-vĭz′əm) A tendency to lapse into a previous pattern of behavior, especially a pattern of criminal habits. The relapse of a disease or symptom. recidivation
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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