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recidivism

[ri-sid-uh-viz-uh m]
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noun
  1. repeated or habitual relapse, as into crime.
  2. Psychiatry. the chronic tendency toward repetition of criminal or antisocial behavior patterns.
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Origin of recidivism

1885–90; < Latin recidīv(us) relapsing (recid(ere) to fall back (re- re- + -cidere, combining form of cadere to fall) + -īvus -ive) + -ism
Related formsre·cid·i·vist, noun, adjectivere·cid·i·vis·tic, re·cid·i·vous, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for recidivist

Historical Examples

  • The consequence is that he falls away and rejoins his old companions and soon becomes a recidivist.

    A Plea for the Criminal

    James Leslie Allan Kayll

  • But the keeping of recidivist records is only one part of the business of the Criminal Record Office.

    Scotland Yard

    George Dilnot


British Dictionary definitions for recidivist

recidivism

noun
  1. habitual relapse into crime
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Derived Formsrecidivist, noun, adjectiverecidivistic or recidivous, adjective

Word Origin

C19: from Latin recidīvus falling back, from re- + cadere to fall
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for recidivist

n.

"relapsed criminal," 1863, from French récidiviste, from récidiver "to fall back, relapse," from Medieval Latin recidivare "to relapse into sin," from Latin recidivus "falling back," from recidere "fall back," from re- "back, again" (see re-) + comb. form of cadere "to fall" (see case (n.)). Recidivation in the spiritual sense is attested from early 15c., was very common 17c.

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recidivism

n.

"habit of relapsing" (into crime), 1882, from recidivist + -ism, modeled on French récidivisme, from récidiver.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

recidivist in Medicine

recidivist

(rĭ-sĭdə-vĭst)
n.
  1. A person who relapses, especially by returning to criminal behavior.
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recidivism

(rĭ-sĭdə-vĭz′əm)
n.
  1. A tendency to lapse into a previous pattern of behavior, especially a pattern of criminal habits.
  2. The relapse of a disease or symptom.recidivation
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.