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recline

[ri-klahyn]
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verb (used without object), re·clined, re·clin·ing.
  1. to lean or lie back; rest in a recumbent position.
verb (used with object), re·clined, re·clin·ing.
  1. to cause to lean back on something; place in a recumbent position.

Origin of recline

1375–1425; late Middle English reclinen < Latin reclīnāre, equivalent to re- re- + clīnāre to lean1
Related formsre·clin·a·ble, adjectiverec·li·na·tion [rek-luh-ney-shuh n] /ˌrɛk ləˈneɪ ʃən/, nounhalf-re·clined, adjectivehalf-re·clin·ing, adjectiveun·re·clined, adjectiveun·re·clin·ing, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for reclination

recline

verb
  1. to rest or cause to rest in a leaning position
Derived Formsreclinable, adjectivereclination (ˌrɛklɪˈneɪʃən), noun

Word Origin

C15: from Old French recliner, from Latin reclīnāre to lean back, from re- + clīnāre to lean 1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for reclination

recline

v.

early 15c., from Old French recliner "rest, lay; bend, lean over" (13c.) and directly from Latin reclinare "to bend back, to lean back; cause to lean," from re- "back, against" (see re-) + clinare "to bend," from PIE *klei-n-, suffixed form of *klei "to lean" (see lean (v.)). Related: Reclined; reclining.

Recline is always as strong as lean, and generally stronger, indicating a more completely recumbent position, and approaching lie. [Century Dictionary]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

reclination in Medicine

reclination

(rĕk′lə-nāshən)
n.
  1. Surgical turning of a cataractous lens into the vitreous chamber to remove it from the line of vision.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.