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rift

[rift]
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noun
  1. an opening made by splitting, cleaving, etc.; fissure; cleft; chink.
  2. an open space, as in a forest or cloud mass, or a clear interval.
  3. a break in friendly relations: a rift between two people; a rift between two nations.
  4. a difference in opinion, belief, or interest that causes such a break in friendly relations.
  5. Geology.
    1. a fault.
    2. a graben of regional extent.
  6. the plane or direction along which a log or mass of granite can most easily be split.
  7. wood or a piece of wood that has been split radially from a log.
verb (used with or without object)
  1. to burst open; split.

Origin of rift

1250–1300; Middle English < Old Norse ript breaking of an agreement (compare Danish, Norwegian rift cleavage), derivative of rīfa to tear (cognate with rive)
Related formsrift·less, adjectiveun·rift·ed, adjective
Can be confusedriff rift

Synonyms

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3. breach, rupture, estrangement, falling-out.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for rifted

Historical Examples

  • I knew that face, and my heart was rifted as if by a thunderbolt.

    Ernest Linwood

    Caroline Lee Hentz

  • The gray cloud-tide, now a purple sea, was rifted by billows of flame.

    Winning the Wilderness

    Margaret Hill McCarter

  • Still, where indeed the rifted reed hath cut it clean in twain.

    Theocritus

    Theocritus

  • His precious blood has redeemed me, and I am at rest in the shadow of the Rifted Rock.

  • At intervals an unnatural, ghastly light as from rifted clouds swiftly driving overhead passes across the scene.

    The Saxons

    Edwin Davies Schoonmaker


British Dictionary definitions for rifted

rift1

noun
  1. a gap or space made by cleaving or splitting; fissure
  2. geology a long narrow zone of faulting resulting from tensional stress in the earth's crust
  3. a gap between two cloud masses; break or chinkhe saw the sun through a rift in the clouds
  4. a break in friendly relations between people, nations, etc
verb
  1. to burst or cause to burst open; split

Word Origin

C13: from Old Norse; related to Danish rift cleft, Icelandic ript breach of contract

rift2

noun US
  1. a shallow or rocky part in a stream
  2. the backwash from a wave that has just broken

Word Origin

C14: from Old Norse rypta; related to Icelandic ropa to belch
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for rifted

rift

n.

early 14c., "a split, act of splitting," from a Scandinavian source (cf. Danish and Norwegian rift "a cleft," Old Icelandic ript (pronounced "rift") "breach;" related to Old Norse ripa "to break a contract" (see riven). Figurative use from 1620s. Geological sense from 1921. As a verb, c.1300.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

rifted in Science

rift

[rĭft]
  1. A continental rift.
  2. A narrow break, crack, or other opening in a rock, usually made by cracking or splitting.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.