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  1. a state in E central Germany. 6561 sq. mi. (16,990 sq. km). Capital: Dresden.
  2. a former state of the Weimar Republic in E central Germany. 5788 sq. mi. (14,990 sq. km). Capital: Dresden.
  3. a medieval division of N Germany with varying boundaries: extended at its height from the Rhine to E of the Elbe.
German Sachsen;French Saxe.
Related formsSax·o·ni·an [sak-soh-nee-uh n] /sækˈsoʊ ni ən/, noun, adjectiveSax·on·ic [sak-son-ik] /sækˈsɒn ɪk/, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
British Dictionary definitions for saxonian


  1. a fine 3-ply yarn used for knitting and weaving
  2. a fine woollen fabric used for coats, etc

Word Origin

C19: named after Saxony, where it was produced


  1. a state in E Germany, formerly part of East Germany. Pop: 4 321 000 (2003 est)
  2. a former duchy and electorate in SE and central Germany, whose territory changed greatly over the centuries
  3. (in the early Middle Ages) any territory inhabited or ruled by Saxons
German name: SachsenFrench name: Saxe
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012