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lacerate

[verb las-uh-reyt; adjective las-uh-reyt, -er-it] /verb ˈlæs əˌreɪt; adjective ˈlæs əˌreɪt, -ər ɪt/
verb (used with object), lacerated, lacerating.
1.
to tear roughly; mangle:
The barbed wire lacerated his hands.
2.
to distress or torture mentally or emotionally; wound deeply; pain greatly:
His bitter criticism lacerated my heart.
adjective
3.
Origin of lacerate
1535-1545
1535-45; < Latin lacerātus, past participle of lacerāre to tear up (derivative of lacer mangled); see -ate1
Related forms
lacerable, adjective
lacerability
[las-er-uh-bil-i-tee] /ˌlæs ər əˈbɪl ɪ ti/ (Show IPA),
noun
lacerative
[las-uh-rey-tiv, -er-uh-tiv] /ˈlæs əˌreɪ tɪv, -ər ə tɪv/ (Show IPA),
adjective
self-lacerating, adjective
unlacerating, adjective
Synonyms
1. rend. See maim.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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British Dictionary definitions for self-lacerating

lacerate

verb (transitive) (ˈlæsəˌreɪt)
1.
to tear (the flesh, etc) jaggedly
2.
to hurt or harrow (the feelings, etc)
adjective (ˈlæsəˌreɪt; -rɪt)
3.
having edges that are jagged or torn; lacerated: lacerate leaves
Derived Forms
lacerable, adjective
lacerability, noun
laceration, noun
lacerative, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Latin lacerāre to tear, from lacer mangled
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for self-lacerating

lacerate

v.

early 15c., from Latin laceratus, past participle of lacerare "tear to pieces, mangle," figuratively, "to slander, censure, abuse," from lacer "torn, mangled," from PIE root *lek- "to rend, tear" (cf. Greek lakis "tatter, rag," lakizein "to tear to pieces;" Russian lochma "rag, tatter, scrap;" Albanian l'akur "naked"). Related: Lacerated; lacerating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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self-lacerating in Medicine

lacerate lac·er·ate (lās'ə-rāt')
v. lac·er·at·ed, lac·er·at·ing, lac·er·ates
To rip, cut, or tear. adj. (-rĭt, -rāt')

  1. Torn; mangled.

  2. Wounded.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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