- (of a person) to be in an upright position on the feet.
- to rise to one's feet (often followed by up).
- to have a specified height when in this position: a basketball player who stands six feet seven inches.
- to stop or remain motionless or steady on the feet.
- to take a position or place as indicated: to stand aside.
- to remain firm or steadfast, as in a cause.
- to take up or maintain a position or attitude with respect to a person, issue, or the like: to stand as sponsor for a person.
- to have or adopt a certain policy, course, or attitude, as of adherence, support, opposition, or resistance: He stands for free trade.
- (of things) to be in an upright or vertical position, be set on end, or rest on or as on a support.
- to be set, placed, fixed, located, or situated: The building stands at 34th Street and 5th Avenue.
- (of an account, score, etc.) to show, be, or remain as indicated; show the specified position of the parties concerned: The score stood 18 to 14 at the half.
- to remain erect or whole; resist change, decay, or destruction (often followed by up): The ruins still stand. The old building stood up well.
- to continue in force or remain valid: The agreement stands as signed.
- to remain still, stationary, or unused: The bicycle stood in the basement all winter.
- to be or become stagnant, as water.
- (of persons or things) to be or remain in a specified state, condition, relation, relative position, etc.: He stood in jeopardy of losing his license.
- to have the possibility or likelihood: He stands to gain a sizable profit through the sale of the house.
- Chiefly British. to become or be a candidate, as for public office (usually followed by for).
- to take or hold a particular course at sea.
- to move in a certain direction: to stand offshore.
- (of a male domestic animal, especially a stud) to be available as a sire, usually for a fee: Three Derby winners are now standing in Kentucky.
- to cause to stand; set upright; set: Stand the chair by the lamp.
- to face or encounter: to stand an assault.
- to undergo or submit to: to stand trial.
- to endure or undergo without harm or damage or without giving way: His eyes are strong enough to stand the glare.
- to endure or tolerate: She can't stand her father.
- to treat or pay for: I'll stand you to a drink when the manuscript is in.
- to perform the duty of or participate in as part of one's job or duty: to stand watch aboard ship.
- the act of standing; an assuming of or a remaining in an upright position.
- a cessation of motion; halt or stop.
- a determined effort for or against something, especially a final defensive effort: Custer's last stand.
- a determined policy, position, attitude, etc., taken or maintained: We must take a stand on political issues.
- the place in which a person or thing stands; station.
- witness stand.
- a raised platform, as for a speaker, a band, or the like.
- stands, a raised section of seats for spectators; grandstand.
- a framework on or in which articles are placed for support, exhibition, etc.: a hat stand.
- a piece of furniture of various forms, on or in which to put articles (often used in combination): a nightstand; a washstand.
- a small, light table.
- a stall, booth, counter, or the like, where articles are displayed for sale or where some business is carried on: a fruit stand.
- newsstand: The papers usually hit the stands at 5 a.m.
- a site or location for business: After 20 years the ice-cream vendor was still at the same stand.
- a place or station occupied by vehicles available for hire: a taxicab stand.
- the vehicles occupying such a place.
- the growing trees, or those of a particular species or grade, in a given area.
- a standing growth, as of grass, wheat, etc.
- a halt of a theatrical company on tour, to give a performance or performances: a series of one-night stands on the strawhat trail.
- the town at which a touring theatrical company gives a performance.
- hive(def 2).
- Metalworking. a rolling unit in a rolling mill.
- Chiefly British. a complete set of arms or accoutrements for one soldier.
- stand by,
- to uphold; support: She stood by him whenever he was in trouble.
- to adhere to (an agreement, promise, etc.); affirm: She stood by her decision despite her sister's arguments.
- to stand ready; wait: Please stand by while I fix this antenna.
- to get ready to speak, act, etc., as at the beginning of a radio or television program.
- to be ready to board a plane, train, or other transport if accommodations become available at the last minute.
- stand down,
- Law.to leave the witness stand.
- to step aside; withdraw, as from a competition: I agreed to stand down so that she could run for the nomination unopposed.
- to leave or take out of active work or service: to stand down some of the ships in the fleet.
- stand for,
- to represent; symbolize: P.S. stands for “postscript.”
- to advocate; favor: He stands for both freedom and justice.
- Informal.to tolerate; allow: I won't stand for any nonsense!
- stand in with,
- to be in association or conspiracy with.
- to enjoy the favor of; be on friendly terms with.
- stand off,
- to keep or stay at a distance.
- to put off; evade.
- stand on,
- to depend on; rest on: The case stands on his testimony.
- to be particular about; demand: to stand on ceremony.
- Nautical.to maintain a course and speed.
- stand out,
- to project; protrude: The piers stand out from the harbor wall.
- to be conspicuous or prominent: She stands out in a crowd.
- to persist in opposition or resistance; be inflexible.
- Nautical.to maintain a course away from shore.
- stand over,
- to supervise very closely; watch constantly: He won't work unless someone stands over him.
- to put aside temporarily; postpone: to let a project stand over until the following year.
- stand to,
- to continue to hold; persist in: to stand to one's statement.
- to keep at steadily: Stand to your rowing, men!
- to wait in readiness; stand by: Stand to for action.
- stand up,
- to come to or remain in a standing position: to stand up when being introduced.
- to remain strong, convincing, or durable: The case will never stand up in court. Wool stands up better than silk.
- Slang.to fail to keep an appointment with (someone, especially a sweetheart or date): I waited for Kim for an hour before I realized I'd been stood up.
- stand up for,
- to defend the cause of; support: No one could understand why he stood up for an incorrigible criminal.
- to serve a bridegroom or bride, as best man or maid (matron) of honor.
- stand up to, to meet or deal with fearlessly; confront: to stand up to a bully.
Origin of stand
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
- to cease to live; undergo the complete and permanent cessation of all vital functions; become dead.
- (of something inanimate) to cease to exist: The laughter died on his lips.
- to lose force, strength, or active qualities: Superstitions die slowly.
- to cease to function; stop: The motor died.
- to be no longer subject; become indifferent: to die to worldly matters.
- to pass gradually; fade or subside gradually (usually followed by away, out, or down): The storm slowly died down.
- Theology. to lose spiritual life.
- to faint or languish.
- to suffer as if fatally: I'm dying of boredom!
- to pine with desire, love, longing, etc.: I'm dying to see my home again.
- to desire or want keenly or greatly: I'm dying for a cup of coffee.
- die away, (of a sound) to become weaker or fainter and then cease: The hoofbeats gradually died away.
- die down, to become calm or quiet; subside.
- die off, to die one after another until the number is greatly reduced: Her friends are dying off.
- die out,
- to cease to exist; become extinct: Both lines of the family died out before the turn of the century.
- to die away; fade; subside: The roar of the engines died out as the rocket vanished into the clouds.
- die hard,
- to die only after a bitter struggle.
- to give way or surrender slowly or with difficulty: Childhood beliefs die hard.
- die standing up, Theater. (of a performance) to be received with silence rather than applause.
- never say die, never give up hope; never abandon one's efforts.
- to die for, stunning; remarkable: That dress is to die for.
Origin of die1
SynonymsSee more synonyms on Thesaurus.com
- (of an organism or its cells, organs, etc) to cease all biological activity permanentlyshe died of pneumonia
- (of something inanimate) to cease to exist; come to an endthe memory of her will never die
- (often foll by away, down, or out) to lose strength, power, or energy, esp by degrees
- (often foll by away or down) to become calm or quiet; subsidethe noise slowly died down
- to stop functioningthe engine died
- to languish or pine, as with love, longing, etc
- (usually foll by of) informal to be nearly overcome (with laughter, boredom, etc)
- theol to lack spiritual life within the soul, thus separating it from God and leading to eternal punishment
- (tr) to undergo or suffer (a death of a specified kind) (esp in phrases such as die a saintly death)
- (foll by to) to become indifferent or apathetic (to)to die to the world
- never say die informal never give up
- die hard to cease to exist after resistance or a struggleold habits die hard
- die in harness to die while still working or active, prior to retirement
- be dying (foll by for or an infinitive) to be eager or desperate (for something or to do something)I'm dying to see the new house
- to die for informal highly desirablea salary to die for
- a shaped block of metal or other hard material used to cut or form metal in a drop forge, press, or similar device
- a tool of metal, silicon carbide, or other hard material with a conical hole through which wires, rods, or tubes are drawn to reduce their diameter
- an internally-threaded tool for cutting external threadsCompare tap 2 (def. 6)
- a casting mould giving accurate dimensions and a good surface to the object castSee also die-cast
- architect the dado of a pedestal, usually cubic
- another name for dice (def. 2)
- as straight as a die perfectly honest
- the die is cast the decision that commits a person irrevocably to an action has been taken
- (also tr) to be or cause to be in an erect or upright position
- to rise to, assume, or maintain an upright position
- (copula) to have a specified height when standingto stand six feet
- to be situated or locatedthe house stands in the square
- to be or exist in a specified state or conditionto stand in awe of someone
- to adopt or remain in a resolute position or attitude
- (may take an infinitive) to be in a specified positionI stand to lose money in this venture; he stands high in the president's favour
- to remain in force or continue in effectwhatever the difficulties, my orders stand
- to come to a stop or halt, esp temporarily
- (of water, etc) to collect and remain without flowing
- (often foll by at) (of a score, account, etc) to indicate the specified position of the parties involvedthe score stands at 20 to 1
- (also tr ; when intr , foll by for) to tolerate or bearI won't stand for your nonsense any longer; I can't stand spiders
- (tr) to resist; surviveto stand the test of time
- (tr) to submit toto stand trial
- (often foll by for) mainly British to be or become a candidatewill he stand for Parliament?
- to navigate in a specified directionwe were standing for Madeira when the storm broke
- (of a gun dog) to point at game
- to halt, esp to give action, repel attack, or disrupt an enemy advance when retreating
- (of a male domestic animal, esp a stallion) to be available as a stud
- (also tr) printing to keep (type that has been set) or (of such type) to be kept, for possible use in future printings
- (tr) informal to bear the cost of; pay forto stand someone a drink
- stand a chance to have a hope or likelihood of winning, succeeding, etc
- stand fast to maintain one's position firmly
- stand one's ground to maintain a stance or position in the face of opposition
- stand still
- to remain motionless
- (foll by for) USto tolerateI won't stand still for your threats
- stand to someone Irish informal to be useful to someoneyour knowledge of English will stand to you
- the act or an instance of standing
- an opinion, esp a resolutely held onehe took a stand on capital punishment
- a halt or standstill
- a place where a person or thing stands
- Australian and NZ
- a position on the floor of a shearing shed allocated to one shearer
- the shearing equipment belonging to such a position
- a structure, usually of wood, on which people can sit or stand
- a frame or rack on which such articles as coats and hats may be hung
- a small table or piece of furniture where articles may be placed or storeda music stand
- a supporting framework, esp for a tool or instrument
- a stall, booth, or counter from which goods may be sold
- an exhibition area in a trade fair
- a halt to give action, etc, esp one taken during a retreat and having some duration or some success
- cricket an extended period at the wicket by two batsmen
- a growth of plants in a particular area, esp trees in a forest or a crop in a field
- a stop made by a touring theatrical company, pop group, etc, to give a performance (esp in the phrase one-night stand)
- Southern African a plot or site earmarked for the erection of a building
- (of a gun dog) the act of pointing at game
- a complete set, esp of arms or armour for one man
- military the flags of a regiment
Word Origin and History for standing up
Old English standan (class VI strong verb; past tense stod, past participle standen), from Proto-Germanic *sta-n-d- (cf. Old Norse standa, Old Saxon and Gothic standan, Old High German stantan, Swedish stå, Dutch staan, German stehen), from PIE root *sta- "to stand" (see stet).
Sense of "to exist, be present" is attested from c.1300. Meaning "to pay for as a treat" is from 1821. Phrase stands to reason (1620) is from earlier stands (is constant) with reason. Phrase stand pat is originally from poker (1882); stand down in the military sense of "go off duty" is first recorded 1916. Standing ovation attested by 1968; standing army is from c.1600.
"pause, delay," Old English, from the root of stand (v.). Meaning "place of standing, position" is from c.1300; figurative sense is from 1590s. Sense of "action of standing or coming to a position" is attested from late 14c., especially in reference to fighting. Meaning "raised platform for a hunter or sportsman" is attested from c.1400.
Sense of "stall or booth" is first recorded c.1500. Military meaning "complete set" (of arms, colors, etc.) is from 1721, often a collective singular. Sense of "standing growth of trees" is 1868, American English. Theatrical sense of "each stop made on a performance tour" is from 1896. The word was formerly also slang for "an erection" (1867).
mid-12c., possibly from Old Danish døja or Old Norse deyja "to die, pass away," both from Proto-Germanic *dawjanan (cf. Old Frisian deja "to kill," Old Saxon doian, Old High German touwen, Gothic diwans "mortal"), from PIE root *dheu- (3) "to pass away, become senseless" (cf. Old Irish dith "end, death," Old Church Slavonic daviti, Russian davit' "to choke, suffer").
It has been speculated that Old English had *diegan, from the same source, but it is not in any of the surviving texts and the preferred words were steorfan (see starve), sweltan (see swelter), wesan dead, also forðgan and other euphemisms.
Languages usually don't borrow words from abroad for central life experiences, but "die" words are an exception, because they are often hidden or changed euphemistically out of superstitious dread. A Dutch euphemism translates as "to give the pipe to Maarten." Regularly spelled dege through 15c., and still pronounced "dee" by some in Lancashire and Scotland. Used figuratively (of sounds, etc.) from 1580s. Related: Died; dies.
early 14c. (as a plural, late 14c. as a singular), from Old French de "die, dice," of uncertain origin. Common Romanic (cf. Spanish, Portuguese, Italian dado, Provençal dat, Catalan dau), perhaps from Latin datum "given," past participle of dare (see date (n.1)), which, in addition to "give," had a secondary sense of "to play" (as a chess piece); or else from "what is given" (by chance or Fortune). Sense of "stamping block or tool" first recorded 1690s.
- To cease living; become dead; expire.
- To cease existing, especially by degrees; fade.
Idioms and Phrases with standing up
In addition to the idioms beginning with stand
- stand a chance
- stand at ease
- stand by
- stand corrected
- stand down
- stand fast
- stand for
- stand guard
- stand in awe
- stand in for
- standing joke
- standing on one's head
- stand in good stead
- standing order
- stand off
- stand on
- stand one's ground
- stand on one's own feet
- stand out
- stand over
- stand pat
- stand still for
- stand the gaff
- stand the sight of
- stand to reason
- stand up
- stand up and be counted
- stand up for
- stand up to
- stand up with