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steep2

[steep]
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verb (used with object)
  1. to soak in water or other liquid, as to soften, cleanse, or extract some constituent: to steep tea in boiling-hot water; to steep reeds for basket weaving.
  2. to wet thoroughly in or with a liquid; drench; saturate; imbue.
  3. to immerse in or saturate or imbue with some pervading, absorbing, or stupefying influence or agency: an incident steeped in mystery.
verb (used without object)
  1. to lie soaking in a liquid.
noun
  1. the act or process of steeping or the state of being steeped.
  2. a liquid in which something is steeped.

Origin of steep2

1350–1400; (v.) Middle English stepen < ?; compare Swedish stöpa; (noun) late Middle English stepe, derivative of the v.
Related formssteep·er, nounun·steeped, adjective

Synonyms

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1. infuse. 2. permeate. 3. bury, engulf.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for steeped

steep1

adjective
    1. having or being a slope or gradient approaching the perpendicular
    2. (as noun)the steep
  1. informal (of a fee, price, demand, etc) unduly high; unreasonable (esp in the phrase that's a bit steep)
  2. informal excessively demanding or ambitiousa steep task
  3. British informal (of a statement) extreme or far-fetched
  4. obsolete elevated
Derived Formssteeply, adverbsteepness, noun

Word Origin

Old English steap; related to Old Frisian stāp, Old High German stouf cliff, Old Norse staup

steep2

verb
  1. to soak or be soaked in a liquid in order to soften, cleanse, extract an element, etc
  2. (tr; usually passive) to saturate; imbuesteeped in ideology
noun
  1. an instance or the process of steeping or the condition of being steeped
  2. a liquid or solution used for the purpose of steeping something
Derived Formssteeper, noun

Word Origin

Old English stēpan; related to steap vessel, cup, Old High German stouf, Old Norse staup, Middle Dutch stōp
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for steeped

steep

adj.

"having a sharp slope," Old English steap "high, lofty," from Proto-Germanic *staupaz (cf. Old Frisian stap, Middle High German *stouf), from PIE *steup- "to push, stick, knock, beat," with derivations referring to projecting objects (cf. Greek typtein "to strike," typos "a blow, mold, die;" Sanskrit tup- "harm," tundate "pushes, stabs;" Gothic stautan "push;" Old Norse stuttr "short"). The sense of "precipitous" is from c.1200. The slang sense "at a high price" is a U.S. coinage first attested 1856. Related: Steeply; steepness.

steep

v.

"to soak in a liquid," late 14c., of uncertain origin, originally in reference to barley or malt, probably cognate with Old Norse steypa "to pour out, throw" (or an unrecorded Old English cognate), from Proto-Germanic *staupijanan. Related: Steeped; steeping.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper