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Syria

[seer-ee-uh]
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noun
  1. Official name Syrian Arab Republic. a republic in SW Asia at the E end of the Mediterranean. 71,227 sq. mi. (184,478 sq. km). Capital: Damascus.
  2. a territory mandated to France in 1922, including the present republics of Syria and Lebanon (Latakia and Jebel ed Druz were incorporated into Syria 1942): the French mandatory powers were nominally terminated as of January 1, 1944.
  3. an ancient country in W Asia, including the present Syria, Lebanon, Israel, and adjacent areas: a part of the Roman Empire 64 b.c.–a.d.
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Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for syria

Contemporary Examples

Historical Examples

  • Egypt and Syria were torn to pieces by the Eutychean heresy.

    The Formation of Christendom, Volume VI

    Thomas W. (Thomas William) Allies

  • Not I alone, but the cities and the deserts of Syria and Arabia, missed my loving friend.

    The Book of Khalid

    Ameen Rihani

  • "There is an expedition from the New York museum about to start for Syria," he said.

    Galusha the Magnificent

    Joseph C. Lincoln

  • From Issi, he marched a single stage—five parasangs—to the gates of Cilicia and Syria.

    Anabasis

    Xenophon

  • It seems to me that either Greece or Syria is much more likely to be its destination.

    At Aboukir and Acre

    George Alfred Henty


British Dictionary definitions for syria

Syria

noun
  1. a republic in W Asia, on the Mediterranean: ruled by the Ottoman Turks (1516–1918); made a French mandate in 1920; became independent in 1944; joined Egypt in the United Arab Republic (1958–61). Hafez al-Assad elected president in 1971 following a coup; after his death in 2000 Assad's son Bashar took over the presidency; his rule was challenged (from 2012) by an uprising that led to a civil war. Official language: Arabic. Religion: Muslim majority. Currency: Syrian pound. Capital: Damascus. Pop: 22 457 336 (2013 est). Area: 185 180 sq km (71 498 sq miles)
  2. (formerly) the region between the Mediterranean, the Euphrates, the Taurus, and the Arabian Desert
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Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for syria

Syria

from Latin Syria, from Greek Syria, from Syrioi "the Syrians," a name originally given to the Assyrians (Herodotus vii.63), a shortened form of Assyrioi (see Assyria).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

syria in Culture

Syria

Republic in the Middle East, bordered by Turkey to the northwest, north, and northeast; Iraq to the east and south; Jordan to the south; and Israel, the Mediterranean Sea, and Lebanon to the west. Its capital and largest city is Damascus.

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Note

Syria was established from former Ottoman Empire territory in 1920 but dominated by France until the 1940s. It is extremely hostile toward Israel.

Note

In the Six-Day War, in 1967, Israeli troops dislodged Syrian forces from the Golan Heights, which overlook Israeli territory.
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.