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[ree-zuh n] /ˈri zən/
a basis or cause, as for some belief, action, fact, event, etc.:
the reason for declaring war.
a statement presented in justification or explanation of a belief or action:
I dare you to give me one good reason for quitting school!
the mental powers concerned with forming conclusions, judgments, or inferences:
Effective leadership requires a person of reason.
sound judgment; good sense.
normal or sound powers of mind; sanity.
Logic. a premise of an argument.
  1. the faculty or power of acquiring intellectual knowledge, either by direct understanding of first principles or by argument.
  2. the power of intelligent and dispassionate thought, or of conduct influenced by such thought.
  3. Kantianism. the faculty by which the ideas of pure reason are created.
verb (used without object)
to think or argue in a logical manner.
to form conclusions, judgments, or inferences from facts or premises.
to urge reasons which should determine belief or action.
verb (used with object)
to think through logically, as a problem (often followed by out).
to conclude or infer.
to convince, persuade, etc., by reasoning.
to support with reasons.
bring (someone) to reason, to induce a change of opinion in (someone) through presentation of arguments; convince:
The mother tried to bring her rebellious daughter to reason.
by reason of, on account of; because of:
He was consulted about the problem by reason of his long experience.
in / within reason, in accord with reason; justifiable; proper:
She tried to keep her demands in reason.
stand to reason, to be clear, obvious, or logical:
With such an upbringing it stands to reason that the child will be spoiled.
with reason, with justification; properly:
The government is concerned about the latest crisis, and with reason.
Origin of reason
1175-1225; Middle English resoun, reisun (noun) < Old French reisun, reson < Latin ratiōn- (stem of ratiō) ratio
Related forms
reasoner, noun
nonreason, noun
nonreasoner, noun
outreason, verb (used with object)
subreason, noun
1. purpose, end, aim, object, objective. 2. excuse, rationalization. 3. understanding, intellect, mind, intelligence. 10. persuade.
Synonym Study
1.Reason, cause, motive are terms for a circumstance (or circumstances) which brings about or explains certain results. A reason is an explanation of a situation or circumstance which made certain results seem possible or appropriate: The reason for the robbery was the victim's display of his money. The cause is the way in which the circumstances produce the effect, that is, make a specific action seem necessary or desirable: The cause was the robber's extreme need of money. A motive is the hope, desire, or other force which starts the action (or an action) in an attempt to produce specific results: The motive was to get money to buy food for his family.
Usage note
The construction reason is because is criticized in a number of usage guides: The reason for the long delays was because the costs greatly exceeded the original estimates. One objection to this construction is based on its redundancy: the word because (literally, by cause) contains within it the meaning of reason; thus saying the reason is because is like saying “The cause is by cause,” which would never be said. A second objection is based on the claim that because can introduce only adverbial clauses and that reason is requires completion by a noun clause. Critics would substitute that for because in the offending construction: The reason for the long delays in completing the project was that the costs. … Although the objections described here are frequently raised, reason is because is still common in almost all levels of speech and occurs often in edited writing as well.
A similar charge of redundancy is made against the reason why, which is also a well-established idiom: The reason why the bill failed to pass was the defection of three key senators. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018.
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Examples from the Web for within reason
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • within reason they'll trade anything we ask that isn't on the forbidden list.

    Deathworld Harry Harrison
  • I'll foot your expenses, whatever they are, so long as they are within reason.

  • I would approve of most any method of stopping them—within reason!

    The Range Boss Charles Alden Seltzer
  • That was what Stephen wanted, and what he wanted, within reason, he should have.

    The House by the River A. P. Herbert
  • And she gave him money, promising him more as he might need it, within reason.

    Clark's Field Robert Herrick
  • It is all very well to be urged to suspect, for, within reason, nothing is easier.

    The Gay Adventure Richard Bird
  • I would wish her to be pious, within reason; not like her aunt, that would not be well.

    The Little Schoolmaster Mark J. H. Shorthouse
  • And always he had been able, within reason, to get what he desired.

  • Well, then, within reason, things might not prove so bad here.

    The Financier Theodore Dreiser
British Dictionary definitions for within reason


the faculty of rational argument, deduction, judgment, etc
sound mind; sanity
a cause or motive, as for a belief, action, etc
an argument in favour of or a justification for something
(philosophy) the intellect regarded as a source of knowledge, as contrasted with experience
(logic) grounds for a belief; a premise of an argument supporting that belief
by reason of, because of
in reason, within reason, within moderate or justifiable bounds
it stands to reason, it is logical or obvious: it stands to reason that he will lose
listen to reason, to be persuaded peaceably
reasons of State, political justifications for an immoral act
(when transitive, takes a clause as object) to think logically or draw (logical conclusions) from facts or premises
(intransitive) usually foll by with. to urge or seek to persuade by reasoning
(transitive) often foll by out. to work out or resolve (a problem) by reasoning
Derived Forms
reasoner, noun
Usage note
The expression the reason is because… should be avoided. Instead one should say either this is because… or the reason is that…
Word Origin
C13: from Old French reisun, from Latin ratiō reckoning, from rērī to think
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for within reason



early 14c., resunmen, "to question (someone)," also "to challenge," from Old French raisoner "speak, discuss; argue; address; speak to," from Late Latin rationare "to discourse," from ratio (see reason (n.)). Intransitive sense of "to think in a logical manner" is from 1590s; transitive sense of "employ reasoning (with someone)" is from 1847. Related: Reasoned; reasoning.



c.1200, "intellectual faculty that adopts actions to ends," also "statement in an argument, statement of explanation or justification," from Anglo-French resoun, Old French raison "course; matter; subject; language, speech; thought, opinion," from Latin rationem (nominative ratio) "reckoning, understanding, motive, cause," from ratus, past participle of reri "to reckon, think," from PIE root *re(i)- "to reason, count" (cf. Old English rædan "to advise; see read (v.)).

Meaning "sanity; degree of intelligence that distinguishes men from brutes" is recorded from late 13c. Sense of "grounds for action, motive, cause of an event" is from c.1300. Middle English sense of "meaning, signification" (early 14c.) is in the phrase rhyme or reason. Phrase it stands to reason is from 1630s. Age of Reason "the Enlightenment" is first recorded 1794, as the title of Tom Paine's book.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with within reason

within reason

see: in reason
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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