an adjective suffix occurring with names of directions: northern; southern.
English Affixes From A To Z: A One-Stop List Of Suffixes, Prefixes, and Combining FormsIn English, we love to make new words by adding all sorts of bits to the front and back of existing terms. These are called affixes, and they are added to the base or stem of a word. When attached to the end of word, the affix is called a suffix. And to the beginning? A prefix.
Origin of -ern
Middle English, Old English -erne; cognate with Old High German -rōni (as in nordrōni northern)
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019