-ose

1
  1. a suffix occurring in adjectives borrowed from Latin, meaning “full of,” “abounding in,” “given to,” “like”: frondose; globose; jocose; otiose; verbose.

Origin of -ose

1
< Latin -ōsus. Cf. -ous

-ose

2
  1. a suffix used in chemical terminology to form the names of sugars and other carbohydrates (amylose; fructose; hexose; lactose), and of protein derivatives (proteose).

Origin of -ose

2
extracted from glucose
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for -ose

-ose

1
suffix forming adjectives
  1. possessing; resemblingverbose; grandiose

Word Origin for -ose

from Latin -ōsus; see -ous

-ose

2
suffix forming nouns
  1. indicating a carbohydrate, esp a sugarlactose
  2. indicating a decomposition product of proteinalbumose

Word Origin for -ose

from glucose
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for -ose
2

standard ending in chemical names of sugars, originally simply a noun-forming suffix, taken up by French chemists mid-19c.; it has no etymological connection with sugar. It appears around the same time in two chemical names, cellulose, which would owe it to the French suffix, and glucose, where it would be a natural result from the Greek original. Flood favors origin from glucose.

1

word-forming element used to make adjectives from nouns, with the meaning "full of, abounding in, having qualities of," from Latin -osus (cf. -ous).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

-ose in Science

-ose

  1. A suffix used to form the chemical names of carbohydrates, such as glucose.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.