- a sugar, C6H12O6, having several optically different forms, the common dextrorotatory form (dextroglucose, or -glucose) occurring in many fruits, animal tissues and fluids, etc., and having a sweetness about one half that of ordinary sugar, and the rare levorotatory form (levoglucose, or -glucose) not naturally occurring.
- Also called starch syrup. a syrup containing dextrose, maltose, and dextrine, obtained by the incomplete hydrolysis of starch.
Origin of glucose
Related Words for glucoseglucose, sugar, starch, lactose, cellulose, carbohydrate, molasses, galactose, glycogen, monosaccharide, disaccharide, sucrose, maltose, fructose, dextrose, dextrin, polysaccharide, candy, levulose, saccharin
Examples from the Web for glucose
Contemporary Examples of glucose
The researchers found that the fake stuff drives the kind of glucose intolerance that can lead to diabetes in human.Are Artificial Sweeteners Wrecking Your Diet?
September 30, 2014
The cells in your body run on glucose from sugar and ketones from fat.Six Secrets of Sleep Hacking to Get More Effective Rest
December 2, 2013
In Willpower, Baumeister and Tierney convincingly describe another addendum: willpower depends on glucose as an energy source.
Dieting, as the glucose breakthrough reveals, provides an especially tricky test of willpower.
A new book argues that willpower is tied directly to consumption of glucose—and we can teach ourselves new behavior.
Historical Examples of glucose
This was directly established for glucose, lævulose, galactose, and arabinose .Researches on Cellulose
C. F. Cross
Why must the starchy foods be changed in the body into sugar, or glucose?A Handbook of Health
Boiled in dilute acids it splits into murrayetin and glucose.The Medicinal Plants of the Philippines
T. H. Pardo de Tavera
I have a good notion to poison myself by eating some of your glucose sugar.Peck's Bad Boy and His Pa
George W. Peck
Glucose is also found in considerable amount in sweet corn and onions.Foods and Household Management
- a white crystalline monosaccharide sugar that has several optically active forms, the most abundant being dextrose: a major energy source in metabolism. Formula: C 6 H 12 O 6
- a yellowish syrup (or, after desiccation, a solid) containing dextrose, maltose, and dextrin, obtained by incomplete hydrolysis of starch: used in confectionery, fermentation, etc
Word Origin for glucose
1840, from French glucose (1838), said to have been coined by French professor Eugène Melchior Péligot (1811-1890) from Greek gleukos "must, sweet wine," related to glykys "sweet, delightful, dear," from *glku-, dissimilated in Greek from PIE *dlk-u- "sweet" (cf. Latin dulcis). It first was obtained from grape sugar.
- A monosaccharide sugar in the blood that serves as the major energy source of the body; it occurs in most plant and animal tissue.blood sugar
- A monosaccharide sugar found in plant and animal tissues. Glucose is a product of photosynthesis, mostly incorporated into the disaccharide sugar sucrose rather than circulating free in the plant. Glucose is essential for energy production in animal cells. It is transported by blood and lymph to all the cells of the body, where it is metabolized to form carbon dioxide and water along with ATP, the main source of chemical energy for cellular processes. Glucose molecules can also be linked into chains to form the polysaccharides cellulose, glycogen, and starch. Chemical formula: C6H12O6. See more at cellular respiration Krebs cycle photosynthesis.