• synonyms


See more synonyms for abrasion on Thesaurus.com
  1. a scraped spot or area; the result of rubbing or abrading: abrasions on his leg caused by falling on the gravel.
  2. the act or process of abrading.
Show More

Origin of abrasion

1650–60; < Medieval Latin abrāsiōn- (stem of abrāsiō), equivalent to abrās(us) scraped off (past participle of abrādere; see abrade) + -iōn- -ion

Synonyms for abrasion

See more synonyms for on Thesaurus.com
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Related Words for abrasion

scrape, chafe, scratch, injury, scuff, scratching, erosion, grating, rubbing, chafing

Examples from the Web for abrasion

Historical Examples of abrasion

  • His remaining works are much injured by scaling or the abrasion of the colors.

    Introduction to Robert Browning

    Hiram Corson

  • The discipline of the force in this respect is nothing; it is worn away by abrasion.

  • There appears to be no evidence whatever of abrasion by use.

  • Is the ground moraine of Figure 87 due chiefly to abrasion or to plucking?

    The Elements of Geology

    William Harmon Norton

  • Often, indeed, one side may show no trace whatsoever of abrasion.

British Dictionary definitions for abrasion


  1. the process of scraping or wearing down by friction
  2. a scraped area or spot; graze
  3. geography the effect of mechanical erosion of rock, esp a river bed, by rock fragments scratching and scraping it; wearing downCompare attrition (def. 4), corrasion
Show More

Word Origin for abrasion

C17: from Medieval Latin abrāsiōn-, from the past participle of Latin abrādere to abrade
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for abrasion


1650s, from Medieval Latin abrasionem (nominative abrasio) "a scraping," noun of action from past participle stem of Latin abradere "to scrape away, shave off," from ab- "off" (see ab-) + radere "to scrape" (see raze).

Show More
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

abrasion in Medicine


  1. A scraping away of a portion of a surface.
  2. The wearing down or rubbing away or removal of the superficial layers of skin or mucous membrane in a limited area.
  3. The pathological wearing away of tooth substance by mechanical means; grinding.
Show More
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

abrasion in Science


  1. The process of wearing away a surface by friction. A rock undergoes abrasion when particles of sand or small pieces of rock are carried across its surface by a glacier, stream, or the wind.
  2. A scraped area on the skin or mucous membranes.
Show More
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.