acetate

[as-i-teyt]
|

noun

Chemistry. a salt or ester of acetic acid.
Also called acetate rayon. a synthetic filament, yarn, or fabric composed of a derivative of the acetic ester of cellulose, differing from viscose rayon in having greater strength when wet and greater sensitivity to high temperatures.
a sheet of clear plastic film fastened over the front of artwork for protection, as an overlay, or the like.
a slow-burning base material, cellulose triacetate, used for motion-picture film to minimize fire hazard during projection, and also for animation cells.

Nearby words

  1. acetaldol,
  2. acetamide,
  3. acetaminophen,
  4. acetanilide,
  5. acetanisidine,
  6. acetate rayon,
  7. acetate-coa ligase,
  8. acetation,
  9. acetazolamide,
  10. acetic

Origin of acetate

First recorded in 1820–30; acet- + -ate2

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for acetate


British Dictionary definitions for acetate

acetate

noun

any salt or ester of acetic acid, containing the monovalent ion CH 3 COO or the group CH 3 COO-Systematic name: ethanoate
(modifier) consisting of, containing, or concerned with the group CH 3 COO-acetate group or radical
a sound recording disc composed of an acetate lacquer coating on an aluminium or plastic base: used for demonstration or other short-term purposes
Derived Formsacetated, adjective

Word Origin for acetate

C19: from acetic + -ate 1

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for acetate

acetate

n.

1827, "salt formed by combining acetic acid with a base," from Latin acetum "vinegar" (see acetic) + chemical suffix -ate (3). As a type of synthetic material, it is attested from 1920, short for acetate silk, etc.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

Medicine definitions for acetate

acetate

[ăsĭ-tāt′]

n.

A salt or ester of acetic acid containing the radical group CH3COO.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

Science definitions for acetate

acetate

[ăsĭ-tāt′]

A salt or ester of acetic acid. Salts of acetic acid contain a metal attached to the acetic acid radical CH3COO. Esters contain another radical, such as ethyl, attached to the acetic acid radical.
Cellulose acetate or a product made from it, especially fibers or film.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.