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adiabatic

[ ad-ee-uh-bat-ik, ey-dahy-uh- ]
/ ˌæd i əˈbæt ɪk, ˌeɪ daɪ ə- /
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adjective

occurring without gain or loss of heat (opposed to diabatic): an adiabatic process.

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Origin of adiabatic

1875–80; <Greek adiábat(os) incapable of being crossed (a-a-6 + dia-dia- + ba- (stem of baínein to cross) + -tos verbal adjective suffix) + -ic; cf. diabatic
ad·i·a·bat·i·cal·ly, adverb
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

British Dictionary definitions for adiabatic

adiabatic
/ (ˌædɪəˈbætɪk, ˌeɪ-) /

adjective

(of a thermodynamic process) taking place without loss or gain of heat

noun

a curve or surface on a graph representing the changes in two or more characteristics (such as pressure and volume) of a system undergoing an adiabatic process
C19: from Greek adiabatos not to be crossed, impassable (to heat), from a- 1 + diabatos passable, from dia- across + bainein to go
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for adiabatic

adiabatic
[ ăd′ē-ə-bătĭk ]

Occurring without gain or loss of heat. When a gas is compressed under adiabatic conditions, its pressure increases and its temperature rises without the gain or loss of any heat. Conversely, when a gas expands under adiabatic conditions, its pressure and temperature both decrease without the gain or loss of heat. The adiabatic cooling of air as it rises in the atmosphere is the main cause of cloud formation.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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