affix

[verb uh-fiks; noun af-iks]
verb (used with object)
  1. to fasten, join, or attach (usually followed by to): to affix stamps to a letter.
  2. to put or add on; append: to affix a signature to a contract.
  3. to impress (a seal or stamp).
  4. to attach (blame, reproach, ridicule, etc.).
noun
  1. something that is joined or attached.
  2. Grammar. a bound inflectional or derivational element, as a prefix, infix, or suffix, added to a base or stem to form a fresh stem or a word, as -ed added to want to form wanted, or im- added to possible to form impossible.

Origin of affix

1525–35; < Latin affīxus fastened to (past participle of affīgere), equivalent to af- af- + fīg- fasten + -sus, variant of -tus past participle suffix
Related formsaf·fix·a·ble, adjectiveaf·fix·al [a-fik-suh l] /æˈfɪk səl/, af·fix·i·al [a-fik-see-uh l] /æˈfɪk si əl/, adjectiveaf·fix·er, nounaf·fix·ment, nounre·af·fix, verb (used with object)un·af·fixed, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

British Dictionary definitions for affixment

affix

verb (əˈfɪks) (tr; usually foll by to or on)
  1. to attach, fasten, join, or stickto affix a poster to the wall
  2. to add or appendto affix a signature to a document
  3. to attach or attribute (guilt, blame, etc)
noun (ˈæfɪks)
  1. a linguistic element added to a word or root to produce a derived or inflected form: -ment in establishment is a derivational affix; -s in drowns is an inflectional affixSee also prefix, suffix, infix
  2. something fastened or attached; appendage
Derived Formsaffixation (ˌæfɪkˈseɪʃən) or affixture (əˈfɪkstʃə), noun

Word Origin for affix

C15: from Medieval Latin affixāre, from ad- to + fixāre to fix
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for affixment

affix

n.

1610s, from affix (v.).

affix

v.

1530s, from Medieval Latin affixare, frequentative of Latin affigere (past participle affixus) "fasten to, attach," from ad- "to" (see ad-) + figere "fasten" (see fix (v.)).

First used by Scottish writers and perhaps from Middle French affixer, a temporarily re-Latinized spelling of Old French afichier (Modern French afficher). Related: Affixed; affixing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper