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americium

[ am-uh-rish-ee-uhm ]
/ ˌæm əˈrɪʃ i əm /
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noun Chemistry.
a transuranic element, one of the products of high-energy helium bombardment of uranium and plutonium. Symbol: Am; atomic number: 95.
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Origin of americium

An Americanism dating back to 1945–50; Americ(a) + -ium
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2022

British Dictionary definitions for americium

americium
/ (ˌæməˈrɪsɪəm) /

noun
a white metallic transuranic element artificially produced from plutonium. It is used as an alpha-particle source. Symbol: Am; atomic no: 95; half-life of most stable isotope, 243 Am: 7.4 × 10³ years; valency: 2,3,4,5, or 6; relative density: 13.67; melting pt: 1176°C; boiling pt: 2607°C (est)

Word Origin for americium

C20: from America (because it was discovered at Berkeley, California) + -ium
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for americium

americium
[ ăm′ə-rĭshē-əm ]

Symbol Am A synthetic, silvery-white, radioactive metallic element of the actinide series that is produced artificially by bombarding plutonium with neutrons. Americium is used as a source of alpha particles for smoke detectors and gamma rays for industrial gauges. Its most stable isotope has a half-life of 7,950 years. Atomic number 95; specific gravity 11.7; valence 3, 4, 5, 6. See Periodic Table.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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