ampere

1
or am·père

[ am-peer, am-peer ]

noun

, Electricity.
1. the basic unit of electrical current in the International System of Units (SI), equivalent to one coulomb per second, formally defined to be the constant current which if maintained in two straight parallel conductors of infinite length, of negligible circular cross section, and placed one meter apart in vacuum, would produce between these conductors a force equal to 2 × 10 −7 newton per meter of length. : A, amp.

Ampère

2

[ am-peer; French ahn-per ]

noun

1. An·dré Ma·rie [ahn, -drey m, uh, -, ree, ah, n, -, drey, m, a, -, ree], 1775–1836, French physicist.

ampere

1

/ ˈæmpɛə /

noun

1. the basic SI unit of electric current; the constant current that, when maintained in two parallel conductors of infinite length and negligible cross section placed 1 metre apart in free space, produces a force of 2 × 10 –7newton per metre between them. 1 ampere is equivalent to 1 coulomb per second
2. a former unit of electric current ( international ampere ); the current that, when passed through a solution of silver nitrate, deposits silver at the rate of 0.001118 gram per second. 1 international ampere equals 0.999835 ampere
“Collins English Dictionary — Complete & Unabridged” 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Ampère

2

/ ˈæmpɛə; ɑ̃pɛr /

noun

1. AmpèreAndré Mari17751836MFrenchSCIENCE: physicistSCIENCE: mathematician André Marie (ɑ̃dre mari). 1775–1836, French physicist and mathematician, who made major discoveries in the fields of magnetism and electricity
“Collins English Dictionary — Complete & Unabridged” 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

ampere

1

/ ămpîr′ /

1. The SI unit used to measure electric current. Electric current through any given cross-section (such as a cross-section of a wire) may be measured as the amount of electrical charge moving through that cross-section in one second. One ampere is equal to a flow of one coulomb per second, or a flow of 6.28 × 10 18 electrons per second.

Ampère

2

/ ămpîr′,äm-pĕr /

1. French mathematician and physicist who is best known for his analysis of the relationship between magnetic force and electric current. He formulated Ampère's law, which describes the strength of the magnetic field produced by the flow of energy through a conductor. The ampere unit of electric current is named for him.
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Other Words From

• Am·per·i·an [am-, peer, -ee-, uh, n, -, per, -], adjective
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Word History and Origins

Origin of ampere1

First recorded in 1881; named after A. M. Ampère
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Word History and Origins

Origin of ampere1

C19: named after André Marie Ampère
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Example Sentences

Currents are measured in units known as amperes, or amps, for short.

Jean Marie Ampere, famed as a mathematician and natural philosopher, died.

Ampere—Amperes are units by which the rate of flow of electrical current (electrons) is measured.

An ampere is 6.3 billion electrons passing one point in a circuit, in one second.

Show how to figure the wattage that a circuit protected by a 15 ampere fuse can handle.

The coulomb is defined as the quantity of electricity delivered by a current of one ampere during one second.