aorta [ ey- awr-t uh ] SHOW IPA / eɪˈɔr tə / PHONETIC RESPELLING noun, plural a·or·tas, a·or·tae [ey- awr-tee]. /eɪˈɔr ti/. Anatomy. the main trunk of the arterial system, conveying blood from the left ventricle of the heart to all of the body except the lungs. QUIZZES DISCOVER THE INFLUENCE OF PORTUGUESE ON ENGLISH VIA THIS QUIZ!
We’ve gathered some interesting words donated to English from Portuguese … as well as some that just don’t translate at all. Do you know what they mean?
Question 1 of 11
Which of the following animal names traces its immediate origin to Portuguese?
Origin of aorta
1570–80; <Medieval Latin <Greek
aortḗ the great artery, literally, something hung, carried; akin to aeírein to lift, carry OTHER WORDS FROM aorta a·or·tic, a·or·tal, adjective post·a·or·tic, adjective pre·a·or·tic, adjective Words nearby aorta A one
aortic arch syndrome
Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021
Example sentences from the Web for aorta
The largest artery, the
aorta arches up from the heart, carrying blood throughout the body.
One such case seen only at autopsy had a rupture of the
aorta just above the sinus of Valsalva and died of hemopericardium.
The weapon had partially divided both the
aorta and the pulmonary artery—the main arteries of the body.
aorta is not independent as in Chitons, but is a sinus like the other channels of the circulation.
In the Birds the right fourth arch alone remains as the
aorta, the dorsal part of the left corresponding arch being obliterated.
The pulsation of the
aorta can be seen just above the prominence formed by the left bronchus. British Dictionary definitions for aorta noun plural -tas or -tae ( -tiː) the main vessel in the arterial network, which conveys oxygen-rich blood from the heart to all parts of the body except the lungs Derived forms of aorta aortic or aortal, adjective Word Origin for aorta
C16: from New Latin, from Greek
aortē, literally: something lifted, from aeirein to raise
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Medical definitions for aorta n. pl. a•or•tas The large artery that is the main trunk of the systemic arterial system, arising from the base of the left ventricle, ending at the left side of the body of the fourth lumbar vertebra, dividing to form the right and left common iliac arteries, and whose parts are the ascending aorta, the aortic arch, and the descending aorta. Other words from aorta a•or null ′tal adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Scientific definitions for aorta Plural aortas aortae ( ā-ôr) ′tē The main artery of the circulatory system, arising from the left ventricle of the heart in mammals and birds and carrying blood with high levels of oxygen to all the arteries of the body except those of the lungs.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
Cultural definitions for aorta
The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.