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artery

[ahr-tuh-ree]
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noun, plural ar·ter·ies.
  1. Anatomy. a blood vessel that conveys blood from the heart to any part of the body.
  2. a main channel or highway, especially of a connected system with many branches.
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Origin of artery

1350–1400; Middle English < Latin artēria < Greek: windpipe, artery. See aorta
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for arteries

artery

noun plural -teries
  1. any of the tubular thick-walled muscular vessels that convey oxygenated blood from the heart to various parts of the bodyCompare pulmonary artery, vein
  2. a major road or means of communication in any complex system
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Word Origin

C14: from Latin artēria, related to Greek aortē the great artery, aorta
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for arteries

artery

n.

late 14c., from Anglo-French arterie, Old French artaire (13c.; Modern French artère), and directly from Latin arteria, from Greek arteria "windpipe," also "an artery," as distinct from a vein; related to aeirein "to raise" (see aorta).

They were regarded by the ancients as air ducts because the arteries do not contain blood after death; medieval writers took them for the channels of the "vital spirits," and 16c. senses of artery in English include "trachea, windpipe." The word is used in reference to artery-like systems of major rivers from 1805; of railways from 1850.

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

arteries in Medicine

artery

(ärtə-rē)
n.
  1. Any of a branching system of muscular, elastic blood vessels that, except for the pulmonary and umbilical arteries, carry aerated blood away from the heart to the cells, tissues, and organs of the body.
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The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.

arteries in Science

artery

[ärtə-rē]
  1. Any of the blood vessels that carry oxygenated blood away from the heart to the body's cells, tissues, and organs. Arteries are flexible, elastic tubes with muscular walls that expand and contract to pump blood through the body.
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Related formsarterial adjective (är-tîrē-əl)
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

arteries in Culture

arteries

Blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart and to the body tissues. (Compare veins; see circulatory system.)

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.