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aplastic anemia

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noun Pathology.
severe anemia due to destruction or depressed functioning of the bone marrow, usually resulting from bone cancer, radiation, or the toxic effects of certain drugs or chemicals.
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Origin of aplastic anemia

First recorded in 1930–35; a-6 + -plastic

Words nearby aplastic anemia

Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2023

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Scientific definitions for aplastic anemia

aplastic anemia
[ ā-plăstĭk ]

A form of anemia in which the capacity of the bone marrow to generate red blood cells is defective. Aplastic anemia may be caused by bone marrow disease or exposure to toxic agents, such as radiation, chemicals, or drugs.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.
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