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apology

[uh-pol-uh-jee]
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noun, plural a·pol·o·gies.
  1. a written or spoken expression of one's regret, remorse, or sorrow for having insulted, failed, injured, or wronged another: He demanded an apology from me for calling him a crook.
  2. a defense, excuse, or justification in speech or writing, as for a cause or doctrine.
  3. (initial capital letter, italics) a dialogue by Plato, centering on Socrates' defense before the tribunal that condemned him to death.
  4. an inferior specimen or substitute; makeshift: The tramp wore a sad apology for a hat.
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Origin of apology

1400–50; earlier apologie, late Middle English apologe (< Middle French) < Late Latin apologia < Greek; see apologia
Related formsre·a·pol·o·gy, noun, plural re·a·pol·o·gies.su·per·a·pol·o·gy, noun, plural su·per·a·pol·o·gies.

Synonyms

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2. vindication. See excuse.
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

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British Dictionary definitions for apologies

apology

noun plural -gies
  1. an oral or written expression of regret or contrition for a fault or failing
  2. a poor substitute or offering
  3. another word for apologia
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Word Origin

C16: from Old French apologie, from Late Latin apologia, from Greek: a verbal defence, from apo- + logos speech
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for apologies

apology

n.

early 15c., "defense, justification," from Late Latin apologia, from Greek apologia "a speech in defense," from apologeisthai "to speak in one's defense," from apologos "an account, story," from apo- "from, off" (see apo-) + logos "speech" (see lecture (n.)).

The original English sense of "self-justification" yielded a meaning "frank expression of regret for wrong done," first recorded 1590s, but this was not the main sense until 18c. The old sense tends to emerge in Latin form apologia (first attested in English 1784), especially since J.H. Newman's "Apologia pro Vita Sua" (1864).

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Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper