Origin of Aryan
Examples from the Web for aryan
The region is marketed for visitors as “Aryan Valley,” and many citizens have taken to tacking on “Aryan” to their last names.
This was later repurposed in Europe as an explanation for racial superiority, and the term “Aryan” came to define a white race.
His work was more monumental, more violent, and promoted the Aryan struggle.Top Nazis And Their Complicated Relationship With Artists
November 30, 2014
The Aryan race was superior, the Jews were the enemy, and the Jews had to be destroyed.Ron Rosenbaum on Hitler, Hollywood, and Quantifying Evil
July 26, 2014
And white supremacists continue to advocate for a homeland in the Pacific Northwest for “the Aryan peoples of the earth.”One U.S. Constitution Just Wasn’t Enough
July 4, 2014
Those of Yezd have, according to Khanikoff, Aryan characteristics.Les Parsis
Indian religion is a variety of Indo-Iranian, which is a variety of the Aryan type.
It fosters sentiments which have been the strength of Aryan society in all lands.
But the worship of which blood is the tie is not to the Aryan, as to the Semite, the whole of religion.
In all Aryan worships there are sacrifices of various kinds and degrees of importance.
- (in Nazi ideology) a Caucasian of non-Jewish descent, esp of the Nordic type
- a member of any of the peoples supposedly descended from the Indo-Europeans, esp a speaker of an Iranian or Indic language in ancient times
- of, relating to, or characteristic of an Aryan or Aryans
- archaic Indo-European
Word Origin and History for aryan
c.1600, as a term in classical history, from Latin Arianus, Ariana, from Greek Aria, Areia, names applied in classical times to the eastern part of ancient Persia and to its inhabitants. Ancient Persians used the name in reference to themselves (Old Persian ariya-), hence Iran. Ultimately from Sanskrit arya- "compatriot;" in later language "noble, of good family."
Also the name Sanskrit-speaking invaders of India gave themselves in the ancient texts, from which early 19c. European philologists (Friedrich Schlegel, 1819, who linked the word with German Ehre "honor") applied it to the ancient people we now call Indo-Europeans (suspecting that this is what they called themselves); this use is attested in English from 1851. The term fell into the hands of racists, and in German from 1845 it was specifically contrasted to Semitic (Lassen).
German philologist Max Müller (1823-1900) popularized the term in his writings on comparative linguistics, recommending it as the name (replacing Indo-European, Indo-Germanic, Caucasian, Jshortened) for the group of related, inflected languages connected with these peoples, mostly found in Europe but also including Sanskrit and Persian. Arian was used in this sense from 1839 (and is more philologically correct), but this spelling caused confusion with Arian, the term in ecclesiastical history.
Gradually replaced in comparative linguistics c.1900 by Indo-European, except when used to distinguish Indo-European languages of India from non-Indo-European ones. Used in Nazi ideology to mean "member of a Caucasian Gentile race of Nordic type." As an ethnic designation, however, it is properly limited to Indo-Iranians (most justly to the latter) and has fallen from general academic use since the Nazi era.