Definition of assumption
- (often initial capital letter) the bodily taking up into heaven of the Virgin Mary.
- (initial capital letter) a feast commemorating this, celebrated on August 15.
Origin of assumption
historical usage of assumption
assumption has been in the language since the 13th century, and was initially confined to a specific ecclesiastical meaning in the Catholic Church. The Latin word on which it is based literally means “the action of being taken up or received,” and in English assumption referred to the taking up into heaven of the Virgin Mary. That meaning still exists today, and in all the meanings it has assumed since then, one can see the common thread running through them is the sense of taking.
One early sense meant “arrogance,” as in this 1814 quote from Sir Walter Scott: “his usual air of haughty assumption.” Arrogance is a taking upon oneself a conviction of self-importance. Later senses arose having to do with the taking on of power or other responsibilities, as in “the assumption of command.”
Probably the most common meaning of assumption in use today is for indicating a supposition, an estimate, a conjecture—that is, something taken for granted. And as any schoolkid knows, presuming to assume can be dangerous, leading us to make, as the saying goes, “an ASS of U and ME!”
popular references for assumption
—Assumption persona: A persona is a detailed description of a fictional user (of a product, software program, etc.), based on real-world data. Software engineers and data companies create personas as user models to help build their products. In order to illustrate the utility of using data-driven personas in design, “assumption personas” (personas derived from existing assumptions about users) are used as negative examples showing how assumptions can lead to bad design choices.
—Assumption of risk: the name for a defense used in tort law, where the defense argues that the plaintiff took action knowing the risks involved.
OTHER WORDS FROM assumption
Quotations related to assumption
- "Wethern's Law of Suspended Judgement: assumption is the mother of all screwups. "-Mark Mills The Information Officer (2010)
How to use assumption in a sentence
And before you jump to assumptions, know that I'm no hippie.
There are many assumptions, including that these mother grizzlies are indeed “unduplicated.”
Bop had produced self-conscious artists who refused to bow to conventional assumptions of what was entertaining.
When that happens, it means the assumptions of the model are not correct.
The assumptions of the “regulation as public interest” crowd undermine their stated conclusions.
It began with certain postulates, or assumptions, to a great extent unconscious, of the conditions to which it applied.
But for the most part property, contract and the coercive state were fundamental assumptions with the classicists.
She remembered the many scenes in which her spirit had been humiliated by haughty assumptions.Madame Roland, Makers of History|John S. C. Abbott
Rather may it be said, they hate counterfeits and are indignant at the assumptions of apostate Christendom.Gospel Philosophy|J. H. Ward
Their philosophy was based on assumptions and speculations, and therefore was worthless, since they settled nothing.Beacon Lights of History, Volume I|John Lord