bashi-bazouk

[ bash-ee-buh-zook ]
/ ˌbæʃ i bəˈzuk /

noun

(formerly) one of a class of irregular mounted troops in the Turkish military service.

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Origin of bashi-bazouk

First recorded in 1850–55, bashi-bazouk is from the Turkish word başι-bozuk civilian, irregular, originally, leaderless, not attached (to a regular military unit), literally, (one) whose head (is) broken
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2021

British Dictionary definitions for bashi-bazouk

bashibazouk
/ (ˌbæʃɪbəˈzuːk) /

noun

(in the 19th century) one of a group of irregular Turkish soldiers notorious for their brutality

Word Origin for bashibazouk

C19: from Turkish başibozuk irregular soldier, from bas head + bozuk corrupt
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012