• synonyms


[del-ee-uh m, -yuh m]
  1. a fragrant gum resin obtained from certain burseraceous plants, as of the genus Commiphora.
  2. a plant yielding this resin.
  3. a substance mentioned in the Bible. Gen. 2:12; Num. 11:7.
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Origin of bdellium

< Latin < Greek bdéllion, probably from a Sem word akin to Hebrew bedhōlah, name of a fragrant yellowish transparent gum
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018

Examples from the Web for bdellium

Historical Examples

  • They were brimful of myrobalan, bdellium, saffron, and violets.


    Gustave Flaubert

  • Was "bdellium" (as probably being a fragrant gum) one of these offerings?

    Creation and Its Records

    B.H. Baden-Powell

  • Pliny also mentions "Bdellium," if that was the substance known as "B'dolach."

    Creation and Its Records

    B.H. Baden-Powell

  • Now the manna was like coriander seed, of the colour of bdellium.

  • The bdellium mentioned in Gen. ii, 12, was apparently a precious stone, perhaps a pearl.

British Dictionary definitions for bdellium


  1. any of several African or W Asian trees of the burseraceous genus Commiphora that yield a gum resin
  2. the aromatic gum resin, similar to myrrh, produced by any of these trees
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Word Origin

C16: from Latin, from Greek bdellion, perhaps from Hebrew bědhōlah
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012