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Benedict, Ruth

An American anthropologist of the twentieth century. In her Patterns of Culture, she argued that each culture idealizes a particular type of temperament, so that someone who is a hero in one society might be pronounced a misfit in another. Her view is often called cultural relativism.

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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.