- Also berme. Fortification. a horizontal surface between the exterior slope of a rampart and the moat.
- Also called bench. any level strip of ground at the summit or sides, or along the base, of a slope.
- Also called backshore, beach berm. a nearly flat back portion of a beach, formed of material deposited by the action of the waves.
- Chiefly Indiana, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and West Virginia. the bank of a canal or the shoulder of a road.
- Chiefly Alaska. a mound of snow or dirt, as formed when clearing land.
- a bank of earth placed against an exterior wall or walls of a house or other building as protection against extremes of temperature.
- to cover or protect with a berm: The side walls were bermed to a height of three feet.
Origin of berm
1720–30; < French berme < Dutch berm; akin to brim1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
- a narrow path or ledge at the edge of a slope, road, or canal
- NZ the grass verge of a suburban street, usually kept mown
- fortifications a narrow path or ledge between a moat and a rampart
- military a man-made ridge of sand, designed as an obstacle to tanks, which, in crossing it, have to expose their vulnerable underparts
Word Origin for berm
C18: from French berme, from Dutch berm, probably from Old Norse barmr brim
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
"narrow ledge," 1729, from French berme (17c.), from Old Dutch baerm "edge of a dike," probably related to brim (q.v.). In U.S., 19c., also the name for the bank of a canal opposite the tow path.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- A nearly horizontal or landward-sloping portion of a beach formed by the deposition of sediment by storm waves. A beach may have no berm at all, or it may have more than one berm.
- A narrow man-made ledge or shelf, as along the top or bottom of a slope.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.