or Be·tel·geux

[beet-l-jooz, bet-l-jœz]

noun Astronomy.

a first-magnitude red supergiant in the constellation Orion.

Origin of Betelgeuse

1790–1800; < French < Arabic bīt al jauzāʾ shoulder of the giant (i.e., of Orion) Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2019

Examples from the Web for betelgeuse

Historical Examples of betelgeuse

  • The reddish daylight swelled; Betelgeuse was rising quietly and majestically.

    Tony and the Beetles

    Philip K. Dick

  • Cunningham looked alternately from her to Betelgeuse and the moon.

    The Burglars' Club

    Henry A. Hering

  • It is doubtful if Betelgeuse had ever looked down upon a quainter.

    The Burglars' Club

    Henry A. Hering

  • Off to one side Betelgeuse was a baleful red eye in the shoulder of Orion.

  • And, to my eye at least, Betelgeuse is redder than Arcturus.

British Dictionary definitions for betelgeuse




a very remote luminous red supergiant, Alpha Orionis: the second brightest star in the constellation Orion. It is a variable star

Word Origin for Betelgeuse

C18: from French, from Arabic bīt al-jauzā' literally: shoulder of the giant, that is, of Orion
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Word Origin and History for betelgeuse


bright star in the shoulder of Orion, 1515, from Arabic Ibt al Jauzah "the Armpit of the Central One." Intermediary forms include Bed Elgueze, Beit Algueze.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper

betelgeuse in Science



A red supergiant star in the constellation Orion. It is a variable star with a brightest apparent magnitude of 0.5. Scientific name: Alpha Orionis. See Note at Rigel.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.