- any particle that obeys Bose-Einstein statistics: bosons have integral spins: 0, 1, 2, …
Origin of boson
1945–50; named after S. N. Bose (1894–1974), Indian physicist; see -on1
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for boson
For 50 years, scientists had predicted the existence of the particle we now know as Higgs boson, which gives mass to matter.Give It Up for the Other Nobel Prize Winners
October 12, 2013
I have written to secure my grandson Boson a view of the ceremony.Memoirs of the Duchesse de Dino v.2/3, 1836-1840
Duchesse De Dino
The mate and boson, with about fifteen of the crew—Samoans and Tongans—were on board.
First thing the mate knew, the boson and the crew were killed in the first rush.
There,' says our new-made ensign to our boson, 'what it says.Wide Courses
James Brendan Connolly
The angel of mercy has withdrawn from your boson a beloved child.Withered Leaves from Memory's Garland
Abigail Stanley Hanna
- any of a group of elementary particles, such as a photon or pion, that has zero or integral spin and obeys the rules of Bose-Einstein statisticsCompare fermion
C20: named after Satyendra Nath Bose; see -on
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for boson
class of subatomic particles, named for Indian physicist Satyendra Nath Bose (1894-1974) + subatomic particle suffix -on.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- Any of a class of elementary or composite particles, including the photon, pion, and gluon, that are not subject to the Pauli exclusion principle (that is, any two bosons can potentially be in the same quantum state). The value of the spin of a boson is always an integer. Mesons are bosons, as are the gauge bosons (the particles that mediate the fundamental forces). They are named after the physicist Satyendra Nath Bose. Compare fermion. See Note at elementary particle. See Table at subatomic particle.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.