- a sometimes fatal disease of the nervous system acquired from spoiled foods in which botulin is present, especially improperly canned or marinated foods.
Origin of botulism
1875–80; < German Botulismus, equivalent to Latin botul(us) sausage (a source of botulin toxin) + -ismus -ism
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for botulism
Indeed, more than a million doses of botulism antiserum were prepared (PDF) for D-Day soldiers invading Normandy Beach.
Botulism is caused by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum, a hardy anaerobe.
Thus far the best-known examples of poisoning by the products of micro-organisms are botulism and ergotism.Food Poisoning
Edwin Oakes Jordan
This may take place with other kinds of flesh, and is known as botulism, or allantiasis.A Guide to the Study of Fishes, Volume 1 (of 2)
David Starr Jordan
To regard every can as a source of botulism is worse than regarding every dog as a source of hydrophobia.
It should be clearly understood that botulism is one of the very rare maladies.
- severe poisoning from ingestion of botulin, which affects the central nervous system producing difficulty in swallowing, visual disturbances, and respiratory paralysis: often fatal
C19: first formed as German Botulismus literally: sausage poisoning, from Latin botulus sausage
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for botulism
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
- A severe, sometimes fatal food poisoning caused by ingestion of a toxin produced by the bacterium Clostridium botulinum in improperly canned or preserved food and characterized by nausea, vomiting, disturbed vision, and paralysis.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
- A severe, sometimes fatal food poisoning caused by eating food infected with the bacterium Clostridium botulinum, which produces botulinum toxin. The bacterium grows in food that has been improperly preserved.
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The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.