[ sal-muh-nel-uh ]
See synonyms for salmonella on
noun,plural sal·mo·nel·lae [sal-muh-nel-ee]. /ˌsæl məˈnɛl i/. Bacteriology.
  1. any of several rod-shaped, facultatively anaerobic bacteria of the genus Salmonella, as S. typhosa, that may enter the digestive tract of humans and other mammals in contaminated food and cause abdominal pains and violent diarrhea.

Origin of salmonella

<New Latin (1900), after Daniel E. Salmon (1850–1914), U.S. pathologist; see -ella

Words Nearby salmonella Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2024

How to use salmonella in a sentence

British Dictionary definitions for salmonella


/ (ˌsælməˈnɛlə) /

nounplural -lae (-ˌliː)
  1. any Gram-negative rod-shaped aerobic bacterium of the genus Salmonella, including S. typhosa, which causes typhoid fever, and many species (notably S. enteritidis) that cause food poisoning (salmonellosis): family Enterobacteriaceae

Origin of salmonella

C19: New Latin, named after Daniel E. Salmon (1850–1914), US veterinary surgeon

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012

Scientific definitions for salmonella


[ săl′mə-nĕlə ]

Plural salmonellae (săl′mə-nĕlē) salmonellas
  1. Any of various gram-negative, rod-shaped bacteria of the genus Salmonella that cause food poisoning and typhoid fever in humans and other mammals.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary Copyright © 2011. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Cultural definitions for salmonella


[ (sal-muh-nel-uh) ]

A category of bacteria that occurs in many pathogenic forms. One kind causes typhoid fever; there is evidence that other kinds cause various forms of food poisoning.

The New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Company. All rights reserved.