- a form of a cultivated cruciferous plant, Brassica oleracea botrytis, whose leafy stalks and clusters of usually green buds are eaten as a vegetable.
Origin of broccoli
1690–1700; < Italian, plural of broccolo, equivalent to brocc(o) sprout (< Late Latin; see broach) + -olo diminutive suffix
Dictionary.com Unabridged Based on the Random House Unabridged Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2018
Examples from the Web for broccolis
Broccolis sometimes acquire a bitter taste, the cause of which is not known.
They are fully exposed, and not protected by the leaves as most other broccolis are.The Field and Garden Vegetables of America
When broccolis came to England from Italy, they were at first known under the names "sprout-cauliflower," or "Italian asparagus."
London believed that the broccolis, which Miller says first came to England from Italy in 1719, were derived from the cauliflower.
These, and other considerations, make it seem doubtful that our broccolis have originated from our cauliflowers.
- a cultivated variety of cabbage, Brassica oleracea italica, having branched greenish flower heads
- the flower head of this plant, eaten as a vegetable before the buds have opened
- a variety of this plant that does not form a head, whose stalks are eaten as a vegetable
C17: from Italian, plural of broccolo a little sprout, from brocco sprout, spike; see brocade
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
Word Origin and History for broccolis
1690s, from Italian broccoli, plural of broccolo "a sprout, cabbage sprout," diminutive of brocco "shoot, protruding tooth, small nail" (see brocade (n.)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper